Table of Contents for History : Fiction or Science ?


Overview of the seven volumes ii
About the Author iv
Also v
Analoly T. Fomenko
Are History and Astronomy incompatible? xiii
Bela Lukacs
Ages in Chaos xiv
Dr. Eugen Gabowitsch
Preface xxiii
A.T. Fomenko
From the Publisher xxxii
The Middle Ages referred to as the ``Antiquity''. Mutual superimposition of the Second and the Third Roman Empire, both of which become identified as the respective kingdoms of Israel and Judah
Identifying the Second and the Third ``ancient'' Roman Empire as the same state. A chronological shift of 330 years
1(28)
A dynastic description of the Second and the Third Roman Empire
1(6)
Biographical parallelism between the Second and Third Roman Empires. The 330-year shift
7(22)
The correlation between two different dating methods illustrated by the superimposition of two epochs from the history of Roman Papacy one over the other. A brief scheme
29(1)
The superimposition of the Israelite (Theomachist) Kingdom over the Third Roman Empire in the West. A shift of circa 1230 years
30(15)
Identifying the theocratic Kingdom of Judah as the Third Roman Empire in the East. A shift of circa 1230 years (short diagram)
45(1)
Saint Basil the Great in the alleged IV century A.D. and his prototype in the XII century A.D. -- Jesus Christ. The resulting shift of 820 years
46(5)
The famous reform of the Occidental Church in the XI century by ``Pope Gregory Hildebrand'' as the reflection of the XII century reforms of Andronicus (Christ). The Trojan war of the XIII century A.D.
``Pope Gregory Hildebrand'' from the XI century A.D. as a replica of Jesus Christ (Andronicus) from the XII century. A chronological shift of 100 years. The Scaligerite chronologists have subsequently moved the life of Christ 1050 years backwards, into the I century A.D.
51(29)
Astronomy in the Gospels
52(1)
The true dating of the evangelical eclipse
52(1)
The Gospels apparently reflect a sufficiently advanced level of astronomical eclipse theories, which contradicts the consensual evangelical history
53(4)
The Roman John Crescentius of the alleged X century A.D. as a reflection of the Evangelical John the Baptist from the XII century A.D. A biographical parallelism
57(6)
``Pope'' Gregory VII Hildebrand from the Roman chronicles dated to the XI century A.D. as the reflection of Jesus Christ (Andronicus) from the XI century A.D. A biographical parallelism
63(11)
The Bethlehem Star of the alleged I century and the famous supernova explosion of circa 1150 (subsequently shifted to 1054 by the chronologists)
74(1)
The Crucifixion of Jesus on Mount Beykos, or the evangelical Golgotha, which is located outside Constantinople, near the shore of the Bosporus
75(5)
Identifying Livy's ``Ancient Imperial Rome'' as the Third Roman Empire after a 1053-year shift
80(12)
Identifying the Tarquinian war of the alleged VI century B.C. as the Gothic war of the alleged VI century A.D. with a 1053-year shift
92(15)
The parallelism between the Gothic War of the alleged VI century and the Nika rebellion that took place in the same century. No date shift here
107(4)
The Trojan war of the alleged XIII century B.C. superimposed over the Gothic war of the alleged VI century A.D. after an 1800-year temporal shift forwards
111(63)
The first accounts of the Trojan War: their presumed authorship, as well as geographical and temporal origins
114(1)
The general conception of chronological shifts
114(1)
The strange fate of Homer's epic poems
115(2)
Dares and Dictis -- the ``alleged participants'' of the Trojan War
117(2)
The mediaeval troubadours and the Franks telling us about the Trojan War
119(1)
The ruins of a small mediaeval fortification that Heinrich Schliemann suggested to refer to as ``the remnants of the ancient Troy''
120(4)
The tale of the Trojan kingdom. A rough comparison of the Trojan War to the Gothic War
124(20)
The legend of a woman and the casus belli of the Trojan War
144(2)
The beginning of the war
146(4)
The fall of Naples (the ``New City'') = the fall of Troy. The mediaeval aqueduct and the ``ancient'' Trojan Horse
150(6)
The ``ancient'' Achilles = the ``ancient'' Valerius. The ``ancient'' Patroclus = the ``ancient'' Brutus
156(2)
The ``ancient'' Achilles = the mediaeval Belisarius. The ``ancient'' Hector = the mediaeval Gothic king Vittigis
158(1)
The ``treason'' of the ``ancient'' Achilles = the ``treason'' of the mediaeval Belisarius
159(1)
The ``ancient'' Troilus = the mediaeval Gothic king Totila. The ``ancient'' Paris = the ``ancient'' Etruscan Larth Porsenna
160(2)
The end of the war
162(1)
Other legends of the Trojan War
163(6)
What is it about the Trojan chronicles that surprises the present day historians the most?
169(1)
How similar are the respective descriptions of the Trojan and the Gothic War?
170(1)
Other erroneous datings of the Trojan War
170(1)
Phantom reflection of the Trojan War in the alleged III century A.D.
170(1)
The Christian dating of the Trojan War
171(1)
The datings of the Trojan War as offered by Hellanicus and Damastus
172(1)
The Judean dating of the Trojan War
172(1)
The Scaligerian dating of the Trojan War
173(1)
The table of heroes who had fought in the XIII century war (Trojan = Tarquinian = Gothic) and their phantom doubles
173(1)
The great triad of kings in Roman history: Sulla, Pompey and Caesar. The parallelism with the Trojan = Tarquinian = Gothic War
174(20)
The rebellion of Spartacus as a vague and fragmented reflection of the Trojan = Tarquinian = Gothic War of the XIII century A.D.
194(6)
A general picture of the 1053-year chronological shift
200(31)
The identification of the First Roman Empire (Livy's Regal Rome) as the Third Roman Empire of the alleged III-VI century A.D. and the 1053-year shift
200(1)
Identifying the Second Roman Empire as the Holy Roman Empire of the X-XIII century as well as the Habsburg Empire of the XIV-XVII century. Two shifts - of 1053 and 1400 years, respectively
200(6)
Empire of the X-XIII century. The parallelism between the X century war and the ``ancient'' Trojan = Tarquinian = Gothic War
206(3)
The ``ancient'' Second Roman Empire in the X-XII century A.D. and the XIII-XVII century A.D.
209(5)
Identifying the Third Roman Empire as the Holy Roman Empire of the X-XIII century as well as the Habsburg Empire of the XIV-XVII century. A 720-year shift and a 1053-year shift
214(6)
War of the XIII century as the original reflected in the ``ancient'' Trojan = Tarquinian = Gothic War
220(11)
Identifying ``ancient'' Greece as the mediaeval Greece of the XI-XVI century with the chronological shift of 1800 years taken into account
The Greek and the Biblical chronology
231(1)
The legend of a woman (religion?) mortally insulted
232(4)
The great ``ancient'' Greek colonization as the mediaeval crusades
236(1)
Epoch of the tyrants
237(3)
The Trojan War of the XIII century A.D. revisited. The version of Herodotus. The mediaeval Charles of Anjou identified as the Persian king Cyrus
240(8)
Mediaeval traces of the ``ancient'' Homer in the XIII-XIV century. The famous mediaeval Saint-Omer clan
248(1)
The famous rape of the Sabine women in the ``ancient'' Rome and the share-out of wives and daughters in early XIV century Greece. The foundation of Rome in Latinia and later the Italian Rome in the XIV century A.D.
249(3)
The rape of the Sabines
249(1)
The ``ancient'' Romulus and Remus are the grandchildren of Aeneas the Trojan and the founders of Rome in Latinia. This event apparently reflects the foundation of Rome in Italy at the end of the XIV century A.D.
250(1)
A partial transplantation of the Romean history to the documents of Italian Rome from Constantinople in the XIV century A.D.
251(1)
The original mediaeval tale of the foundation of Rome in XIV century Italy by Romulus and Remus
251(1)
Frederic II of Sicily as the ``ancient'' Romulus?
252(1)
The mediaeval Charles of Naples as the ``ancient'' King Cambyses
252(1)
The mediaeval Frederick of Sicily as the ``ancient'' king Darius
253(1)
Mediaeval Margaret as the ``ancient'' Mardonius
254(2)
Mediaeval Matilda as the ``ancient'' Milthiades
256(2)
The mediaeval Duke Walther as the ``ancient'' Xerxes the Great
258(3)
The mediaeval 300 knights of Duke Jean de la Roche as the famous 300 Spartans of King Leonidas
261(3)
The mediaeval war in Greece of 1374-1387 A.D. as the ``ancient'' Peloponnesian War
264(5)
The three eclipses described by Thucydides
264(1)
The congress in Greece. The beginning of the war
265(2)
The mediaeval Navarrans as the ``ancient'' Spartans. The mediaeval Catalan state in Athens as the ``ancient'' Athenian state
267(1)
The mediaeval Nerio as the ``ancient'' Lysander. The end of the Peloponnesian War
267(2)
The date of Parthenon's construction, and the reason it was called the Temple of St. Mary
269(1)
The mediaeval Gemisto Pleton as the ``ancient'' Plato
270(2)
The mediaeval despotate of Mystras as the ``ancient'' Sparta
272(2)
The Turkish Ottoman Empire as the ``ancient'' Macedon. Sultan Mohammed I as the ``ancient'' Philip II
274(4)
The mediaeval siege of Constantinople (Byzantium) as the ``ancient'' siege of Byzantium
278(2)
The fall of Byzantium as the end of ``Classical'' Greece in the alleged IV century B.C.
280(14)
Amazingly similar volume graphs of ``ancient'' and mediaeval Greek ``biographies''
294(3)
The superimposition of the Bible over the phantom and real Eurasian events of the Middle Ages after a shift of 1800 years
Introduction
297(4)
Genesis 1-3. The tale of Adam and Eve. The fall and the banishment from Eden. These events of the XI-XVI century epoch were initially shifted by the chronologists into the VIII century B.C.
301(15)
The description of the parallelism
301(6)
Adam and Eve = Paris and Helen = Perseus and Andromeda = Jason and Medea = St. George and the princess
307(7)
The apple shared by Adam and Eve as well as their ``ancient'' Greek duplicates Paris and Venus
314(2)
Genesis 4-5. Cain and Abel, the murder of Abel and the separation of humanity into two nations. These events of the XI-XVI century A.D. were initially shifted to 753-520 B.C. by the chronologists
316(1)
Genesis 6-9. The corruption of humanity. The deluge as punishment. Noah the Patriarch, the Ark, the Covenant and the Rainbow. These events of the XI-XVI century A.D. were initially shifted to 520-510 B.C. by the chronologists
317(4)
Genesis 10. The offspring of the sons of Noah (Shem, Ham and Japhet). These events of the XI-XVI century A.D. were initially shifted into 510-82 B.C. by the chronologists
321(1)
Genesis 11:1-9. The Tower of Babel. Confounded languages. The scattering of nations. These events of the XI-XVI century were initially shifted into the I century B.C. by the chronologists
322(1)
Genesis 11:10-32. The offspring of Shem until Terah. These events of the XI-XVI century were initially shifted by the chronologists into the period between 82 B.C. and 217 or 250 A.D.
322(1)
Genesis 12; 13:1. Early days of Abram, the struggle with the Pharaoh and the exodus from Egypt. These events of the XI-XVI century A.D. were initially shifted to 250-300 A.D. by the chronologists
323(2)
Genesis 13:2-18; 14-38. Abram and Haran, the division into two kingdoms, Isaac, Esau, Jacob, Judas, and Joseph. These events of the XI-XVI century A.D. were initially shifted to 306-526 A.D. by the chronologists
325(3)
Genesis 39-50. Exodus 1-14. Joseph, Moses, the war with the Pharaoh, the Exodus from Egypt and the defeat of Pharaoh's army. These events of the XI-XVI century were initially shifted to 476-535 A.D. by the chronologists
328(9)
Exodus 15-40. Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy and Joshua. The people of Israel: wandering and conquering the promised land. These events of the XI-XVI century A.D. had initially been shifted into 550-800 A.D. by the chronologists
337(15)
Moses and Justinian
337(2)
Joshua, Son of Nun, and Alexander the Great
339(3)
Joshua, Alexander the Great and the Argonauts
342(2)
Joshua identified as Charlemagne. The mediaeval Song of Roland as the account of the mediaeval wars described in the Bible as the campaigns of Joshua, son of Nun
344(8)
The events from the book of Judges dating to the XII-XVI century A.D. had initially been shifted to the VII-IX century A.D. by the chronologists
352(2)
The Biblical Moab and the mediaeval Moaviya
352(1)
The Biblical Abimelech and the ``ancient'' warlord Pyrrhus were both killed by a woman. The weapon used in both cases was a stone that had inflicted a mortal cranial wound
352(2)
Further events of the Judges epoch (the XII-XVI century A.D.), which were initially shifted to 900-924 A.D. by the chronologists
354(6)
The war with the Benjamites as the Trojan (Gothic) War
354(5)
The sacrifice of the Biblical Jephthah's daughter as a reflection of the sacrifice of Iphigenia, Agamemnon's daughter
359(1)
The events of the XII-XVI century A.D. as described in Judges, Samuel, Ruth and the Kings were initially shifted into 925-1053 A.D. by the chronologists
360(7)
Saul, David and Solomon vs. Sulla, Caesar and Pompey. The rape of the daughters of Shiloh as the rape of the Sabines
360(1)
The Biblical Arc of the Covenant and the Mohammedan Qa'aba
361(1)
Saul, David and Solomon. The Temple of Solomon as the Temple of Hagia Sophia in Czar-Grad
362(1)
The Biblical queen of Sheba as the Russian Princess Olga
362(5)
The history of the Kingdom of Judah of the XIII-XVI century A.D. had initially been shifted to the XI-XIII century A.D. by the chronologists
367(24)
A reign duration superimposition of the Judaic kingdom and the Eastern, or Byzantine, part of the Third Roman Empire
367(7)
The biographical parallelism between the Judean kingdom and the Third Roman Empire in the East
374(17)
The end of the Kingdom of Judah and the Babylon Captivity were shifted into distant past by the Chronologists
391(8)
The Biblical Babylonian captivity reflected as the Avignon captivity in the allegedly French and Roman mediaeval chronicles
399(3)
Why the era of Hijrah (Hegira) is counted from the VII century A.D.
402(7)
A brief overview
402(2)
On the history of the Koran
404(1)
The Biblical Ark and the Muslim Qa'aba
405(4)
In re the Biblical books of Samuel, Kings and Chronicles
409(4)
Annexes
The methods of discovering discrepancies in random processes and their application to the analysis of historical texts
413(3)
The discovery of homogeneous and heterogeneous fragments inside Russian, Roman and Greek chronicles, as well as the Bible
416(9)
Introduction
416(1)
Discrepancies in Russian chronicles
417(3)
Discrepancies in the works of Titus Livy and Baronius
420(1)
Discrepancies in the ``History'' of Herodotus and the ``History'' of Tacitus
420(1)
Discrepancies in the Bible
421(4)
The authorial invariant in Russian literary texts. Its application: who was the real author of the ``Quiet Don''?
425(20)
Commentary by A. T. Fomenko
425(1)
Introduction. A brief excursus into the history of the problem
425(1)
The definition of an authorial invariant
426(1)
Our approach. Samples and steps. The evolution of a parameter along the narrative
427(1)
The experiment in action. The list of parameters studied
428(1)
The list of authors and works studied
429(2)
The calculation experiment
431(1)
The results of the experiment
431(1)
Function word usage frequency as the authorial invariant
432(1)
Quantitative examples
433(2)
The possible uses of the authorial invariant. Its potential for the discovery of plagiarisms
435(1)
The statistical analysis of the works of M. A. Sholokhov. The authorial invariant of ``The Quiet Don'' is drastically different from the authorial invariant of all the other works written by M.A. Sholokhov
436(4)
Observations of a secondary nature. Chronology and volume of Sholokhov's publications
440(2)
The analysis of several texts
442(1)
F. D. Kryukov
A detailed table of function word distribution in M. A. Sholokhov's texts
443(1)
Bibliography to Annex 3
443(2)
Literary and archaeological falsifications
445(12)
Literary forgeries
445(4)
Archaeological forgeries
449(8)
Tables to Annex 2
The chapter volume function in the ``History'' of Herodotus
457(6)
The chapter volume function in the Bible (standard canonical chapters)
463(14)
The complete bibliography to the seven volumes 477