Table of Contents for Complete Idiot's Guide to the Criminal Justice System


Part 1: The Criminal Justice System and Its Classifications of Crime
1(26)
Defining Crime
3(14)
History of the Criminal Justice System
3(1)
Criminal vs. Civil Law
4(3)
Keeping Things Civil
4(1)
The Impact of the U.S. Constitution
5(1)
Prove It
6(1)
The Origins of Our Definitions of Specific Crimes
7(2)
Case Law
8(1)
Statutory Law
8(1)
Applying Federal vs. State Laws
9(1)
The Courts of the Criminal Justice System
10(4)
State Courts
10(2)
Federal Courts
12(1)
Special State Criminal Courts
13(1)
The Three Basic Elements of Every Crime
14(3)
Categories and Classifications of Crimes
17(10)
Classification by the Severity of the Crime
18(1)
Classification by the Nature of the Crime
19(4)
Crimes Against Persons
19(1)
Crimes Against Property
20(1)
Crimes Against Habitation
21(1)
Crimes Against Society
21(1)
Crimes Against Justice
22(1)
Victimless Crimes
22(1)
Classifications of the Criminal Actor
23(1)
Classification by Intent: Mens Rea
24(3)
Part 2: Elements of Specific Crimes
27(88)
Crimes Against Persons: Homicide
29(10)
The Difference Between Murder and Manslaughter
30(1)
Murder by the Numbers
31(2)
First-Degree Murder
31(1)
Second-Degree Murder
32(1)
Felony Murder
32(1)
Voluntary, Involuntary, and Vehicular Manslaughter
33(3)
Voluntary Manslaughter
33(2)
Involuntary Manslaughter
35(1)
Vehicular Manslaughter
35(1)
The Definition of Life and Death
36(3)
Assault and Battery
39(10)
Battery
40(1)
Assault
41(1)
Aggravated Assault and Battery
42(1)
Hate Crimes
43(2)
Gang Crimes
45(4)
Sex Crimes
49(8)
Sex Crimes Against Adults
49(2)
Sex Crimes Against Children
51(6)
Sexual Assault
52(1)
Sexual Molestation
52(1)
Sexual Exploitation
53(1)
The Role of Consent in Child Sexual Assault
54(3)
Abuse and Beyond
57(10)
Domestic Abuse
58(2)
Child Abuse
60(1)
Elder Abuse
61(1)
Kidnapping and False Imprisonment
62(2)
Stalking
64(2)
Threats
66(1)
Crimes Against Property: Larceny
67(10)
Larceny
68(6)
Trespassory
68(1)
Taking and Carrying Away
69(1)
Valuable Personal Property
69(1)
Property of Another
70(1)
Intent to Permanently Deprive
71(3)
Receiving Stolen Property
74(3)
Crimes Against Property: Deceit
77(14)
Embezzlement
78(3)
Lawful Possession
78(1)
Conversion
79(1)
Property of Another
80(1)
Intent to Defraud
81(1)
False Pretenses
81(3)
Knowing or Reckless
82(1)
Misrepresentation of Fact
83(1)
Mail Fraud/Wire Fraud
84(1)
Securities Fraud
85(1)
Identity Theft
86(5)
Crimes Against Property: Using Force
91(10)
Burglary
92(3)
Breaking
92(1)
Entering
93(1)
Dwelling Place of Another
93(1)
``At Night''
94(1)
Intent to Commit a Felony in the Dwelling
95(1)
Doing the Time for a Burglary Crime
95(1)
Trespass
95(1)
Arson
96(2)
Disorderly Conduct and Rioting
98(1)
Vandalism
99(2)
Crimes Against Society and Justice
101(14)
Crimes Against Society
102(6)
Driving Under the Influence
102(3)
Possession of Drugs
105(2)
Terrorism
107(1)
Crimes Against Justice
108(7)
Bribery
108(1)
Extortion
109(1)
Perjury
110(1)
Resisting Arrest
111(1)
Failure to Comply with Court Order
111(1)
Obstructing Justice
112(3)
Part 3: From Crime to Trial
115(40)
How a Case Gets Into the System
117(10)
How the Criminal Justice System Learns of a Crime
118(1)
The Investigation of the Crime
118(1)
The Suspect's Rights During Investigation
119(3)
Search and Seizure
119(2)
Miranda Rights
121(1)
The Arrest of a Suspect
122(2)
Use of Force During an Arrest
123(1)
Deciding What Crimes Will Be Charged
124(1)
The Formal Charging Process
125(2)
Defenses, Justification, and Excuses
127(14)
The Defense of Challenging the Prosecution's Case
128(1)
Self-Defense
129(2)
Defense of Others
131(1)
Defense of Property
132(2)
Insanity
134(2)
Infancy
136(1)
Intoxication
136(1)
Mistake of Fact or Law
137(2)
Duress
139(1)
Entrapment
139(2)
The Rights of the Accused After Arrest
141(14)
Exclusionary Rule
142(2)
Lineups and Identification
144(1)
Against Self-Incrimination
145(1)
Against Double Jeopardy
146(2)
To a Speedy and Public Trial
148(1)
To an Attorney
149(2)
To an Impartial Jury
151(1)
To Confront Accusers
151(4)
Part 4: The Trial Process
155(58)
The Court Is in Session
157(14)
The Courtroom Cast
158(5)
Judges
158(2)
Attorneys
160(2)
The Other Courtroom Players
162(1)
Arraignment
163(1)
Setting and Making Bail
164(1)
Preliminary Hearing
165(1)
Pretrial Motions
166(1)
Jury of Your Peers
167(4)
Being Called to Jury Duty
168(1)
Voir Dire
168(1)
Preemptory Challenges
169(2)
Evidence of a Crime
171(14)
Evidence 101
172(6)
Relevance: What Does It Prove?
173(1)
Character Evidence
174(1)
Prior Convictions and Bad Acts
175(2)
Prior Bad Acts Evidence in Sexual and Domestic Abuse Cases
177(1)
Rape Shield Laws
177(1)
Testimonial Evidence
178(1)
Hearsay
179(2)
Privileges Against Testifying
181(4)
Opening Statements, Witnesses, Objections, and Closing Arguments
185(16)
Opening Statements
186(1)
The Witnesses
187(6)
Fact Witnesses
188(2)
Expert Witnesses and Scientific Evidence
190(3)
Direct Examination and Cross-Examination
193(1)
Making Objections
194(3)
Evidence Objections
195(1)
Objections to the Lawyers' Questions
196(1)
Judge and Counsel Conferences Without the Jury
197(1)
Closing Arguments
198(3)
Jury Instruction, Deliberation, and Verdict
201(12)
The Judge Instructs the Jury
202(4)
How the Instructions Are Worded
202(2)
Explaining ``Beyond a Reasonable Doubt''
204(1)
Instructing on Lesser Included Crimes
205(1)
Jury Deliberations
206(1)
Handling Jury Questions
207(1)
Discharging a Juror
208(1)
Handling Juror Misconduct
208(1)
The Verdict
209(4)
The Vote to Convict or Acquit
209(1)
Hung Jury
210(1)
Need for a New Trial
210(3)
Part 5: The Post-Trial Criminal Justice System
213(84)
Conviction and Sentencing
215(18)
The Purposes of Sentencing
216(3)
Retribution
216(1)
Incapacitation
217(1)
Deterrence
217(1)
Rehabilitation
218(1)
Restoration
218(1)
Cruel and Unusual Punishment
219(1)
The Sentencing Hearing
220(1)
Sentencing Options
221(2)
Setting the Terms of the Sentence
223(1)
Plea Bargaining
224(4)
The Pros and Cons of Plea Bargaining
225(2)
The Consequences of a Plea Bargain
227(1)
The Ultimate Punishment: Death
228(5)
The Juvenile Criminal Justice System
233(10)
Why We Have a Juvenile Justice System
234(1)
Who Is a Juvenile?
235(1)
Differences in Juvenile Justice
235(3)
Status Offenses
236(1)
Public vs. Private Proceedings
236(1)
Juvenile Justice Terminology
236(2)
Similarities in Juvenile Justice
238(1)
Pros and Cons of the Juvenile System
239(1)
Juvenile Corrections and Placement
239(1)
Transfer to Adult Court
240(3)
Victim's Rights
243(54)
The Victim's Bill of Rights
244(1)
The Victim's Right to Be Present
244(1)
The Victims Right to Be Informed
244(1)
The Victim's Right to Be Heard
245(1)
Victim Impact Statements
245(4)
Restitution
249(3)
Losses or Damages That Qualify
249(1)
Collecting Restitution
250(2)
Victim- and Witness-Protection Programs
252(3)
Appendixes
Glossary
255(18)
Sample Felony Plea Script
273(6)
Online Resources
279(14)
Common Objections in Criminal Trials
293(4)
Index 297