Table of Contents for Total Solution for the GED Test


About Our Authors xvii
About Research and Education Association xviii
Acknowledgments xviii
Introduction:About This Book + Online Tests xix
What's on the GED Test? xx
The Reasoning Through Language Arts (RLA) Test xxvi
The Mathematical Reasoning Test xxvi
The Science Test xxvii
The Social Studies Test xxviii
Timing and the GED Test xxviii
What Score Do I Need to Pass the GED Test xxviii
When Should the GED Test Be Taken? xxix
When and Where is the Test Given? xxix
How Do I Register for the Test and Is There a Registration Fee? xxx
Can I Retake the Test? xxx
Accommodations for Test-Takers with Disabilities xxx
Setting Up Your Study Plan xxx
Official GED Practice Tests xxxi
Test-Taking Tips xxxi
Before the Test xxxii
The Day of the Test xxxiii
After the Test xxxiii
Reasoning Through Language Arts
Diagnostic Test for Reasoning
Through Language Arts
Chapter 1 A Guide to the GED® Test's Reasoning Through Language Arts Section
The Ability to Read Closely
4(1)
Central Ideas and Supporting Ideas
4(1)
Explicit Details and Main Ideas in a Text
5(1)
Summary of Details and Ideas in Text
6(2)
Inferences about Details that Support Main Ideas
8(1)
Implied Ideas in Paragraphs or Whole Texts
9(4)
Identify a Theme in a Text
13(2)
Make Evidence-Based Generalizations
15(3)
Synthesis of Multiple Main Ideas in Text
18(5)
Chapter 2 Interpreting Text
How Individuals, Events, and Ideas Develop and Interact
23(1)
Order Sequences of Events in Text
24(1)
Plot/Sequence of Events, Characters, Settings, or Ideas in Texts
25(3)
Analyze Relationships within Texts
28(5)
Relationships between Ideas in a Text
33(4)
Role of Details in Complex or Informational Texts
37(2)
Chapter 3 Interpreting Words and Phrases
Words in Context -- Cognitive and Figurative Meanings
39(1)
Determine Meaning of Words and Phrases in a Text
40(3)
How Meaning or Tone is Affected by the Replacement of One Word
43(1)
Impact of Specific Words---Focus on Author's Intent
43(2)
Chapter 4 Analyzing the Structure of Texts
Relationship of Specific Sentences or Paragraphs and the Whole
45(1)
Contribution of Sentence, Paragraph Chapter to Development of Ideas
46(3)
Structural Relationship between Adjacent Sections of a Text
49(1)
Transitional Language or Signal Words
50(2)
How Structure Shapes Meaning and Supports Author's Purpose
52(3)
Chapter 5 Author's Purpose
Author's Point of View Shapes Content and Style
55(1)
Author's Point of View or Purpose
56(2)
How Author Distinguishes Her/His Position
58(1)
Author's Implicit and Explicit Purposes
59(1)
Rhetorical Techniques to Advance Point of View
60(5)
Chapter 6 Evaluate the Argument and Claims
Argument and Specific Claims in a Text
65(1)
Specific Steps of Author's Argument
66(3)
Evidence Used to Support Claims or Conclusions
69(1)
Relevance and Sufficiency of Evidence
70(3)
Claims Supported by Reasons and Evidence---or Not
73(2)
Valid Reasoning vs. Fallacious Reasoning
75(4)
Underlying Premise and Logical Support and Evidence
79(4)
Chapter 7 Analyze Similar Themes or Topics
How Two or More Texts Address Similar Topics
83(1)
Specific Comparisons between Two Texts
84(2)
Similarities and/or Differences of Two Similar Passages
86(4)
Two Argumentative Passages on Same Topic
90(1)
How Data Supports an Author's Argument
91(3)
Two Passages in Different Genres or Formats to Evaluate Differences
94(1)
Two Passages in Different Genres or Formats to Synthesize Information
95(4)
Chapter 8 The Writing Standards (Part I)
The Ability to Write Clearly
99(1)
The Conventions of Standard English Grammar and Usage
99(1)
Errors Involving Confused Words, Homonyms, and Contractions
100(5)
Subject-Verb Agreement
105(2)
Pronoun Usage
107(4)
Non-Standard or Informal Usage
111(3)
Dangling or Misplaced Modifiers
114(2)
Parallelism and Subordination and Coordination
116(2)
Wordiness or Awkward Sentence Construction
118(3)
Chapter 9 The Writing Standards (Part II)
Conventions of Standard English Capitalization and Punctuation
121(1)
Correct Use of Capitalization
121(3)
Run-On Sentences, Fused Sentences, or Sentence Fragments
124(1)
Use of Apostrophes with Possessive Nouns
125(3)
Correct Use of Punctuation
128(9)
Chapter 10 Written English in Context
Use of Standard Written English in Context
137(1)
Details, Logical Inferences, Valid Claims with Texual Evidence
138(3)
Analytic Response
141(1)
Sufficient Command of Standard English Conventions
142(5)
Mathematical Reasoning
Diagnostic Test for Mathematical Reasoning available online at www.rea.com/GED
Chapter 1 Operations with Real Numbers
The Real Number System
147(1)
Operations with Real Numbers
148(2)
Signed Numbers
150(4)
Absolute Value
154(1)
Exponents
155(1)
Order of Operations
156(2)
Scientific Notation
158(1)
Practice Questions
159(6)
Chapter 2 Fractions, Percents, and Decimals
Fractions
165(1)
Operations with Fractions
166(5)
Decimals
171(4)
Comparing Fractions and Decimals
175(1)
Percents
176(1)
Simple Interest Problems
177(2)
Practice Questions
179(6)
Chapter 3 Algebraic Expressions and Equations
Introduction
185(1)
Terms and Expressions
186(1)
Order of Operations
186(1)
Expressions with Like Terms
187(1)
Expressions with Undefined Terms
188(1)
Equations
188(3)
Multi-Step Equations
191(2)
Equations with Multiple Variables
193(2)
Solving a System of Equations
195(2)
Using Equations in Word Problems
197(4)
Inequalities
201(2)
Square Roots and Cube Roots
203(1)
Simplifying Square Roots
204(1)
Multiplying and Dividing Square Roots
205(1)
Cube Roots
205(1)
Equations with Exponents and Square Roots
206(2)
Mixed Practice
208(2)
Quadratic Expressions and Equations
210(1)
Factoring Quadratic Expressions
211(2)
Quadratic Equations
213(1)
The Quadratic Formula
214(2)
Practice Questions
216(13)
Chapter 4 Ratios and Proportions
Definition of a Ratio
229(1)
Applications of Ratios
230(1)
Proportions
231(1)
Applications of Proportions
232(1)
Percents as Proportions
233(3)
Practice Questions
236(7)
Chapter 5 Linear Equations and the Coordinate Plane
Relations
243(1)
Functions
244(1)
Functional Notation
245(1)
The Coordinate Plane
246(1)
Slopes of Lines
247(1)
The Slope-Intercept Form of a Line
248(3)
Deriving the Equation of a Line
251(1)
The Point-Slope Form of a Line
252(1)
Linear Inequalities
252(3)
Graphing Linear Inequalities
255(5)
Parallel and Perpendicular Lines
260(3)
Applications of Linear Models
263(1)
Quadratic Functions
264(1)
Graphing Quadratic Functions
265(4)
Practice Questions
269(10)
Chapter 6 Measurement and Geometric Figures
Units of Measure
279(1)
The U.S. System
280(2)
The Metric System
282(2)
Geometry: Points, Lines, and Planes
284(2)
The Distance Formula
286(1)
The Midpoint Formula
287(1)
Angles
287(1)
Special Angle Pairs
288(2)
Parallel Lines
290(1)
Triangles
291(2)
Angle-Side Relationship
293(1)
Exterior Angles
294(1)
The Pythagorean Theorem
294(3)
Quadrilaterals
297(1)
Circles
298(1)
Arcs of a Circle
299(2)
Practice Questions
301(6)
Chapter 7 Area, Surface Area, and Volume
Area
307(3)
Surface Area
310(3)
Volume
313(3)
Similarity
316(3)
Practice Questions
319(8)
Chapter 8 Statistics and Data Analysis
Measure of Central Tendency
327(1)
The Mean
328(1)
The Median
329(1)
The Mode
330(1)
The Range
331(1)
Data Analysis
331(4)
Probability
335(1)
The Counting Principle
336(1)
Combinations and Permutations
337(2)
Practice Questions
339(10)
Science
Diagnostic Test for Science available online at www.rea.com/GED
Chapter 1 Life Science
Human Body and Health
349(1)
Body Systems and How They Work Together
349(10)
Homeostasis and Effects of Change
359(1)
Sources of Nutrients
360(3)
Disease and Pathogens: Transmission, Effects, and Prevention
363(2)
Relationships between Life Functions and Energy Intake
365(1)
Energy for Life Functions
365(2)
Conservation of and Sources of Energy in Ecosystems
367(1)
Flow of Matter in Ecosystems
368(4)
Carrying Capacity
372(2)
Symbiosis
374(1)
Disruption of Ecosystems and Extinction
374(3)
Organization of Life
377(1)
Essential Functions of Life and Cellular Components
377(7)
Cell Theory, Specialized Cells and Tissues, Levels of Organization
384(2)
Mitosis and Meiosis
386(3)
Molecular Basis for Heredity
389(1)
Molecular Biology, Inheritance, and Chromosomes
389(1)
Genotypes, Phenotypes, and Traits
390(4)
New Alleles; Environmental Altering of Traits
394(2)
Evolution
396(1)
Common Ancestry and Cladograms
396(1)
Selection and Requirements for Selection
397(1)
Adaptation, Selection Pressure, and Speciation
398(3)
Practice Questions
401(6)
Chapter 2 Physical Science
Conservation, Transformation, and Flow of Energy
407(1)
Heat, Temperature, Flow of Heat
407(1)
Endothermic and Exothermic Reactions
408(1)
Types of Energy and Transformations between Types of Energy
408(1)
Sources of Energy and Relationships between Different Sources
409(1)
Types of Waves, Electromagnetic Radiation, Uses and Dangers
409(3)
Work, Motion, and Forces
412(1)
Speed, Velocity, Acceleration, and Collisions
412(2)
Force, Newton's Law, Gravity, Acceleration, Mass and Weight
414(2)
Work, Simple Machines, Mechanical Advantages, and Power
416(1)
Chemical Properties and Reactions Related to Living Systems
417(1)
Structure of Matter
417(4)
Physical and Chemical Properties, Changes of State, and Density
421(3)
Balancing Chemical Equations, Conservation of Mass
424(3)
Practice Questions
427(6)
Chapter 3 Earth and Space Science
Interactions between Earth's Systems and Living Things
433(1)
Interaction of Matter between Living and Non-Living Things and the Location, Uses, and Dangers of Fossil Fuels
433(5)
Natural Hazards: Their Effects and Mitigation
438(2)
Extraction and Use of Natural Resources, Renewable vs. Non-Renewable
440(1)
Earth and Its System Components and Interactions
440(1)
Characteristics of the Atmosphere
440(4)
Characteristics of the Oceans
444(2)
Interactions between Earth's Systems
446(1)
Interior Structure of the Earth
447(1)
Structures and Organization of the Cosmos
448(2)
Sun, Planets, Moons, Earth's Motion, and Interactions within the Solar System
450(7)
The Age of the Earth
457(2)
Practice Questions
459(4)
Chapter 4 Science Practices
Comprehending Scientific Presentations
463(1)
Understand and Explain Scientific Presentations
463(1)
Determine the Meaning of Symbols, Terms, and Phrases in Scientific Presentations
463(1)
Investigation Design (Experimental and Observational)
464(1)
Reasoning from Data
465(1)
Evaluating Conclusions with Evidence
466(1)
Working with Findings
467(1)
Expressing Scientific Information
467(1)
Practice Questions
468(7)
Social Studies
Diagnostic Test for Social Studies available online at www.rea.com/GED
Chapter 1 Civics and Government
Definition of Government
475(7)
Eight Parts of the Constitution
482(1)
Bill of Rights
483(1)
Amendments to the U.S. Constitution
483(1)
Executive Branch of the U.S. Government
483(3)
Classifying
486(2)
Electoral College
488(2)
Practice Questions
490(11)
Chapter 2 United States History
Building Vocabulary Skills
501(2)
Landmark Documents
503(2)
Strategies to Understand Historical Documents
505(8)
New Deal
513(3)
Significance of Wars
516(4)
Major Movements in the United States
520(3)
Identifying Sources
523(1)
Facts and Opinions
524(1)
Recognizing Bias
525(2)
Point of View and Frame of Reference
527(1)
Extended-Response Questions
528(2)
Identifying the Historical Sequence
530(1)
Strategy for Analysis of Documents
531(1)
Practice Questions
532(5)
Chapter 3 Economics
What is Economics?
537(1)
Graphs, Charts, and Tables
538(4)
Types of Economic Systems
542(8)
Personal Finances and Banking
550(3)
Average Budget for a Typical American Home
553(1)
Supply and Demand
554(2)
Global Economy
556(1)
Main Idea and Details to Support Conclusions
556(1)
Predicting an Outcome
557(1)
Practice Questions
558(5)
Chapter 4 Geography and the World
The Five Themes of Geography
563(9)
Environmental Issues
572(6)
Practice Questions
578(9)
Practice Tests
Reasoning Through Language Arts Test 1
587(48)
Answer Explanations
635(18)
Reasoning Through Language Arts Test 2 available online at www.rea.com/GED
Mathematical Reasoning Test 1
653(13)
Answer Explanations
666(11)
Mathematical Reasoning Test 2 available online at www.rea.com/GED
Science Test 1
677(17)
Answer Explanations
694(9)
Science Test 2 available online at www.rea.com/GED
Social Studies Test 1
703(26)
Answer Explanations
729(8)
Social Studies Test 2 available online at www.rea.com/GED
Appendix:GED Assessment Targets for Practice Tests 737(8)
Index 745