Table of Contents for Historical Statistics of the United States : Earliest Times To The Present: Millennial Edition


Editors' Preface The Editors in Chief xi
Acknowledgments The Editors in Chief xiii
Contributors to the Millennial Edition xv
Support for the Millennial Edition xix
Research Assistance for the Millennial Edition xxi
Consultants to the Millennial Edition xxiii
Guide to the Millennial Edition Monty Hindman and Richard Sutch xxv
PART A. POPULATION
Introduction
3(14)
Population Change
3(1)
Michael R. Haines
Richard Sutch
Race and Ethnicity: Definitions and Measurement
4(6)
Charles Hirschman
Richard Alba
Reynolds Farley
Race and Ethnicity: Population, Vital Processes, and Education
10(7)
Susan B. Carter
Michael R. Haines
Richard Sutch
Gavin Wright
Population Characteristics
17(364)
Michael R. Haines
Essay
Population Characteristics
17(9)
Michael R. Haines
Tables
Area and Population
26(14)
Michael R. Haines
Sex, Age, Race, and Marital Status
40(62)
Michael R. Haines
Rural and Urban Places
102(64)
Michael R. Haines
Nativity
166(9)
Michael R. Haines
Slave Population
175(2)
Michael R. Haines
Hispanic Population
177(3)
Brian Gratton
Myron P. Gutmann
State Populations
180(201)
Michael R. Haines
Vital Statistics
381(108)
Michael R. Haines
Essay
Vital Statistics
381(10)
Michael R. Haines
Tables
General
391(8)
Michael R. Haines
Births and Fertility
399(41)
Michael R. Haines
Life Expectancy
440(18)
Michael R. Haines
Mortality
458(31)
Michael R. Haines
Internal Migration
489(34)
Joseph P. Ferrie
Essay
Internal Migration
489(6)
Joseph P. Ferrie
Tables
Internal Migration
495(28)
Joseph P. Ferrie
International Migration
523(130)
Robert Barde
Susan B. Carter
Richard Sutch
Essay
International Migration
523(18)
Robert Barde
Susan B. Carter
Richard Sutch
Tables
Immigrants, Emigrants, and Net Migration
541(14)
Susan B. Carter
Richard Sutch
Immigrants, by Country
555(31)
Robert Barde
Susan B. Carter
Richard Sutch
Immigrants, by Characteristic
586(11)
Robert Barde
Susan B. Carter
Richard Sutch
Foreign-born Population and Its Characteristics
597(30)
Susan B. Carter
Michael R. Haines
Matthew Sobek
Alien Admissions, by Program
627(14)
Robert Barde
Susan B. Carter
Richard Sutch
Naturalization
641(7)
Robert Barde
Susan B. Carter
Richard Sutch
Border Control
648(5)
Robert Barde
Susan B. Carter
Richard Sutch
Family and Household Composition
653(38)
Steven Ruggles
Essay
Family and Household Composition
653(7)
Steven Ruggles
Tables
Family and Household Composition
660(31)
Steven Ruggles
Cohorts
691(24)
Susan B. Carter
Matthew Sobek
Essay
Cohorts
691(6)
Susan B. Carter
Tables
Labor Force
697(6)
Matthew Sobek
Marital Status
703(6)
Matthew Sobek
Education
709(6)
Matthew Sobek
American Indians
715
C. Matthew Snipp
Essay
Introduction
715(1)
Susan B. Carter
Richard Sutch
American Indians
715(11)
C. Matthew Snipp
Tables
Population and Tribes
726(16)
C. Matthew Snipp
Health and Vital Statistics
742(5)
C. Matthew Snipp
Land and Resources
747(10)
C. Matthew Snipp
Reservations and Federal Expenditures
757(10)
C. Matthew Snipp
Employment and Occupations
767(6)
C. Matthew Snipp
Education and Veterans
773
C. Matthew Snipp
Index 1(1)
Guide to the Millennial Edition xi
Monty Hindman
Richard Sutch
PART B. WORK AND WELFARE
Labor
3(366)
Susan B. Carter
Lee A. Craig
Robert A. Margo
Joshua L. Rosenbloom
Matthew Sobek
William A. Sundstrom
Essays
Labor
3(10)
Susan B. Carter
Labor Force
13(22)
Susan B. Carter
Occupations
35(5)
Matthew Sobek
Wages and Wage Inequality
40(6)
Robert A. Margo
Hours and Working Conditions
46(8)
William A. Sundstrom
Labor Unions
54(5)
Joshua L. Rosenbloom
Household Production
59(4)
Lee A. Craig
Tables
Workforce
63(14)
Thomas Weiss
Employment and Unemployment
77(24)
Susan B. Carter
Matthew Sobek
Employment, by Industry
101(32)
Susan B. Carter
Matthew Sobek
Occupations
133(121)
Matthew Sobek
Wages
254(47)
Robert A. Margo
Hours and Working Conditions
301(35)
William A. Sundstrom
Labor Unions
336(27)
Joshua L. Rosenbloom
Household Production
363(6)
Lee A. Craig
Slavery
369(18)
Stanley L. Engerman
Richard Sutch
Gavin Wright
Essay
Slavery
369(6)
Stanley L. Engerman
Richard Sutch
Gavin Wright
Tables
Slave Population
375(6)
Susan B. Carter
Slave Prices and Values
381(3)
Richard Sutch
Manumitted and Fugitive Slaves, and Slave Revolts
384(3)
Susan B. Carter
Education
387(112)
Claudia Goldin
Essay
Education
387(11)
Claudia Goldin
Tables
Kindergarten, Elementary School, and Secondary School
398(41)
Claudia Goldin
Higher Education
439(25)
Susan B. Carter
Claudia Goldin
Educational Attainment
464(7)
Claudia Goldin
Earnings, by Education
471(9)
Claudia Goldin
Revenues and Expenditures
480(19)
Claudia Goldin
Health
499(122)
Richard H. Steckel
Essay
Health, Nutrition, and Physical Well-Being
499(10)
Richard H. Steckel
Tables
Expenditures
509(11)
Richard H. Steckel
Hospitals
520(21)
Richard H. Steckel
Health Care Practitioners
541(9)
Richard H. Steckel
Health Insurance
550(14)
Richard H. Steckel
Incidence of Disease
564(8)
Richard H. Steckel
Nutrition and Health-Related Behaviors
572(10)
Richard H. Steckel
Physical Well-Being
582(39)
Richard H. Steckel
Economic Inequality and Poverty
621(72)
Peter H. Lindert
Linda Barrington
Gordon M. Fisher
Essay
The Distribution of Income and Wealth
621(4)
Peter H. Lindert
Poverty
625(27)
Linda Barrington
Gordon M. Fisher
Tables
Distribution of Income
652(6)
Peter H. Lindert
Distribution of Wealth
658(2)
Peter H. Lindert
Mean and Median Income
660(3)
Peter H. Lindert
Poverty Lines
663(11)
Linda Barrington
Gordon M. Fisher
Characteristics of the Poverty Population
674(19)
Linda Barrington
Gordon M. Fisher
Social Insurance and Public Assistance
693(144)
Price V. Fishback
Joan Underhill Hannon
Melissa A. Thomasson
Stephen T. Ziliak
Essay
Introduction
693(1)
Price V. Fishback
Public Assistance: Colonial Times to the 1920s
693(7)
Stephen T. Ziliak
Joan Underhill Hannon
Social Welfare: 1929 to the Present
700(20)
Price V. Fishback
Melissa A. Thomasson
Tables
Poor Relief
720(14)
Joan Underhill Hannon
Stephen T. Ziliak
Social Welfare Expenditures
734(17)
Price V. Fishback
Melissa A. Thomasson
Social Welfare Programs
751(69)
Price V. Fishback
Melissa A. Thomasson
Private Welfare
820(17)
Price V. Fishback
Melissa A. Thomasson
Nonprofit, Voluntary, and Religious Entities
837
Peter Dobkin Hall
Essay
Nonprofit, Voluntary, and Religious Entities
837(14)
Peter Dobkin Hall
Colin B. Burke
Tables
Nonprofit Institutions
851(34)
Colin B. Burke
Voluntary Associations
885(15)
Colin B. Burke
Religion
900(23)
Colin B. Burke
Philanthropy
923
Colin B. Burke
Index 1(1)
Guide to the Millennial Edition xi
Monty Hindman
Richard Sutch
PART C. ECONOMIC STRUCTURE AND PERFORMANCE
National Income and Product
3(68)
Richard Sutch
Essays
National Income and Product
3(3)
Richard Sutch
National Income and Product Accounts: Official Estimates
6(6)
Richard Sutch
Estimates of National Product before 1929
12(9)
Paul W. Rhode
Richard Sutch
Tables
Aggregate Measures and Long-Term Gross Domestic Product Series
21(8)
Richard Sutch
National Income
29(11)
Richard Sutch
National Product
40(17)
Richard Sutch
National Product before 1929
57(14)
Paul W. Rhode
Richard Sutch
Business Fluctuations and Cycles
71(76)
Richard Sutch
Essay
Economic Fluctuations, Recessions, and Depressions
71(7)
Richard Sutch
Tables
Business Cycle Chronology
78(2)
Richard Sutch
Business Cycle Indicators
80(36)
Richard Sutch
The Great Depression
116(31)
Richard Sutch
Prices
147(78)
Christopher Hanes
Peter H. Lindert
Robert A. Margo
Essay
Prices and Price Indexes
147(11)
Christopher Hanes
Tables
Consumer Price Indexes
158(13)
Peter H. Lindert
Robert A. Margo
Wholesale and Producer Price Indexes
171(31)
Christopher Hanes
Commodity Prices
202(23)
Michael R. Haines
Consumer Expenditures
225(62)
Lee A. Craig
Essay
Consumer Expenditures
225(5)
Lee A. Craig
Tables
Classified by Type
230(46)
Lee A. Craig
Classified by Family Characteristics
276(11)
Lee A. Craig
Saving, Capital, and Wealth
287(46)
Richard Sutch
Essay
Saving, Capital, and Wealth
287(11)
Richard Sutch
Tables
Saving
298(16)
John A. James
Richard Sutch
Richard Sylla
National Balance Sheets
314(11)
Richard Sutch
National Wealth
325(8)
Susan B. Carter
Richard Sutch
Geography and the Environment
333(82)
Gavin Wright
Scott Farrow
Myron P. Gutmann
Essays
Natural Resources and the Environment
333(8)
Gavin Wright
Weather
341(4)
Myron P. Gutmann
Ben Tausig
Tables
Land and Water
345(20)
Myron P. Gutmann
The Environment
365(13)
Scott Farrow
Weather
378(37)
Myron P. Gutmann
Timothy G. F. Kittel
Science, Technology, and Productivity
415(62)
Gavin Wright
Stanley L. Engerman
Essays
Science and Technology
415(3)
Stanley L. Engerman
Gavin Wright
Productivity
418(4)
Gavin Wright
Tables
Copyrights, Patents, and Trademarks
422(24)
Daniel K. N. Johnson
Gavin Wright
Research and Development
446(13)
Gavin Wright
Computers
459(4)
Gavin Wright
Productivity
463(14)
Gavin Wright
Business Organization
477(106)
Naomi R. Lamoreaux
Essay
Business Organization
477(18)
Naomi R. Lamoreaux
Tables
Business Population, by Legal Status
495(36)
Naomi R. Lamoreaux
Incorporations, Failures, and Bankruptcies
531(22)
Naomi R. Lamoreaux
Mergers and Acquisitions
553(4)
Naomi R. Lamoreaux
Enterprises
557(4)
Sukkoo Kim
Corporate Balance Sheets
561(22)
Naomi R. Lamoreaux
Financial Markets and Institutions
583
Michael D. Bordo
Richard G. Anderson
Howard Bodenhorn
John A. James
Hugh Rockoff
Peter L. Rousseau
Richard Sylla
David C. Wheelock
Eugene N. White
Essays
Overview
583(2)
Michael D. Bordo
Monetary Aggregates
585(1)
Richard G. Anderson
Monetary Statistics before the National Banking Era
586(2)
Hugh Rockoff
Monetary Policy
588(1)
Michael D. Bordo
David C. Wheelock
Financial Institutions and Their Regulation
589(3)
Howard Bodenhorn
Eugene N. White
Securities Markets
592(1)
Peter L. Rousseau
Debt and the Flow of Funds
593(1)
John A. James
Richard Sylla
Interest Rates and Yields
594(2)
John A. James
Richard Sylla
Tables
Monetary Aggregates
596(27)
Richard G. Anderson
Hugh Rockoff
Monetary Policy
623(9)
David C. Wheelock
Banks
632(39)
Howard Bodenhorn
Eugene N. White
Savings Banks and Associations
671(12)
Howard Bodenhorn
Other Financial Institutions
683(10)
Howard Bodenhorn
Eugene N. White
Deposit Insurance
693(38)
Howard Bodenhorn
Eugene N. White
Life and Property Insurance
731(25)
Eugene N. White
Equity and Bond Markets
756(18)
Peter L. Rousseau
Debt and Flow of Funds
774(38)
John A. James
Richard Sylla
Interest Rates and Yields
812
John A. James
Richard Sylla
Index 1(1)
Guide to the Millennial Edition xi
Monty Hindman
Richard Sutch
PART D. ECONOMIC SECTORS
Introduction
3(4)
Industrial Classification
3(4)
Richard Sutch
Agriculture
7(268)
Alan L. Olmstead
Julian M. Alston
Bruce L. Gardner
Philip G. Pardey
Paul W. Rhode
Daniel A. Sumner
Essays
Introduction
7(3)
Alan L. Olmstead
Farms and Farm Structure
10(5)
Alan L. Olmstead
Paul W. Rhode
Crops and Livestock
15(4)
Alan L. Olmstead
Paul W. Rhode
Agricultural Productivity
19(9)
Julian M. Alston
Philip G. Pardey
Agricultural Income and Finances
28(3)
Bruce L. Gardner
Farm Policy
31(8)
Alan L. Olmstead
Daniel A. Sumner
Tables
Farms and Farm Structure
39(50)
Alan L. Olmstead
Paul W. Rhode
Crops and Livestock
89(104)
Alan L. Olmstead
Paul W. Rhode
Productivity and Investments
193(33)
Julian M. Alston
Philip G. Pardey
Income and Finances
226(17)
Bruce L. Gardner
Farm Policy
243(32)
Daniel A. Sumner
Natural Resource Industries
275(120)
Gavin Wright
Essay
Mining, Energy, Fisheries, and Forestry
275(10)
Gavin Wright
Tables
Mining
285(50)
Gavin Wright
Energy
335(23)
Gavin Wright
Fisheries
358(18)
Gavin Wright
Forestry
376(19)
Peter Berck
Gavin Wright
Construction, Housing, and Mortgages
395(178)
Kenneth A. Snowden
Essay
Construction, Housing, and Mortgages
395(11)
Kenneth A. Snowden
Tables
Total Construction: Output and Costs
406(44)
Kenneth A. Snowden
Construction, by Sector
450(31)
Kenneth A. Snowden
Housing
481(45)
Kenneth A. Snowden
Residential Mortgages
526(47)
Kenneth A. Snowden
Manufacturing
573(132)
Jeremy Atack
Fred Bateman
Essay
Manufacturing
573(6)
Jeremy Atack
Fred Bateman
Tables
Manufacturing Summary
579(42)
Jeremy Atack
Fred Bateman
Output
621(55)
Jeremy Atack
Fred Bateman
Inputs -- Employees, Capital, and Consumption of Power and Selected Commodities
676(23)
Jeremy Atack
Fred Bateman
Industry Concentration, Legal Form, and Economic Performance
699(6)
Jeremy Atack
Fred Bateman
Distribution
705(56)
Daniel M. G. Raff
Essay
Distribution
705(8)
Daniel M. G. Raff
Tables
General Statistics on Distribution
713(7)
Daniel M. G. Raff
Retail Trade
720(22)
Daniel M. G. Raff
Wholesale Trade
742(10)
Daniel M. G. Raff
Advertising
752(9)
Daniel M. G. Raff
Transportation
761(216)
Louis P. Cain
Essay
Transportation
761(18)
Louis P. Cain
Tables
All Modes
779(27)
Louis P. Cain
Susan B. Carter
Richard Sutch
Roads and Vehicles
806(52)
Louis P. Cain
Water
858(57)
Louis P. Cain
Rail
915(39)
Louis P. Cain
Air
954(19)
Louis P. Cain
Pipelines
973(4)
Louis P. Cain
Communications
977(84)
Alexander J. Field
Essay
Communications
977(22)
Alexander J. Field
Tables
Employees
999(2)
Alexander J. Field
Richard Sutch
Telegraph and Telephone
1001(26)
Alexander J. Field
David F. Weiman
Radio and Television
1027(11)
Alexander J. Field
U.S. Postal Service and Delivery Services
1038(12)
Alexander J. Field
Books, Newspapers, and Periodicals
1050(11)
Alexander J. Field
Services and Utilities
1061
Thomas Weiss
Susan B. Carter
Essays
Introduction
1061(1)
Susan B. Carter
Richard Sutch
Services
1061(7)
Thomas Weiss
Utilities
1068(5)
Susan B. Carter
Tables
Output and Employment
1073(9)
Thomas Weiss
Establishments, Receipts, and Employees
1082(11)
Thomas Weiss
Utilities
1093(14)
Susan B. Carter
Recreation, Travel, and Sports
1107(13)
Thomas Weiss
Arts and Humanities
1120
Thomas Weiss
Index 1(824)
Guide to the Millennial Edition xi
Monty Hindman
Richard Sutch
PART E. GOVERNANCE AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS
Government Finance and Employment
3(138)
John Joseph Wallis
Essay
Government Finance and Employment
3(7)
John Joseph Wallis
Tables
Federal, State, and Local Government Finances -- Census of Governments
10(70)
John Joseph Wallis
Federal Government Finances
80(22)
John Joseph Wallis
Federal Government Finances -- Office of Management and Budget
102(8)
John Joseph Wallis
Federal Income Tax Returns and Rates
110(9)
John Joseph Wallis
Government Employment
119(22)
John Joseph Wallis
Elections and Politics
141(68)
John P. McIver
Essay
Elections and Politics
141(20)
John P. McIver
Tables
Apportionment
161(4)
John P. McIver
Voter Turnout
165(6)
John P. McIver
Presidential and Congressional Elections
171(24)
John P. McIver
Congressional Legislation
195(5)
John P. McIver
Party Affiliation and Public Opinion
200(9)
John P. McIver
Crime, Law Enforcement, and Justice
209(124)
Douglas Eckberg
Richard Sutch
Essays
Crime and Victimization
209(11)
Douglas Eckberg
Law Enforcement, Courts, and the Justice System
220(3)
Richard Sutch
Tables
Crimes and Arrests
223(14)
Douglas Eckberg
Homicides and Suicides
237(19)
Douglas Eckberg
Incarceration and Execution
256(11)
Douglas Eckberg
Victimization and Delinquency of High School Seniors
267(30)
Douglas Eckberg
Drug and Alcohol Abuse
297(11)
Douglas Eckberg
Firearm Possession
308(3)
Douglas Eckberg
Courts and Criminal Justice
311(22)
Richard Sutch
National Defense, Wars, Armed Forces, and Veterans
333(108)
Scott Sigmund Gartner
Hugh Rockoff
Essays
National Defense, Wars, and Armed Forces
333(7)
Scott Sigmund Gartner
Veterans
340(10)
Hugh Rockoff
Tables
Military Personnel and Casualties
350(17)
Scott Sigmund Gartner
Military Expenditures
367(5)
Scott Sigmund Gartner
Battle Campaigns
372(32)
Scott Sigmund Gartner
Nuclear Weapons and Arms Control
404(2)
Scott Sigmund Gartner
Veterans
406(35)
Hugh Rockoff
International Trade and Exchange Rates
441(146)
Michael Edelstein
Douglas A. Irwin
Lawrence H. Officer
Essays
International Transactions and Foreign Commerce
441(3)
Michael Edelstein
International Trade in Goods and Services
444(4)
Douglas A. Irwin
Exchange Rates
448(4)
Lawrence H. Officer
Tables
Balance of Payments
452(46)
Michael Edelstein
Exports and Imports
498(63)
Douglas A. Irwin
Exchange Rates
561(26)
Lawrence H. Officer
Outlying Areas
587(40)
Sumner J. La Croix
Essay
Outlying Areas
587(7)
Sumner J. La Croix
Tables
Population and Social Statistics
594(10)
Sumner J. La Croix
Economic Statistics
604(17)
Sumner J. La Croix
Government
621(6)
Sumner J. La Croix
Colonial Statistics
627(146)
John J. McCusker
Essay
Colonial Statistics
627(24)
John J. McCusker
Tables
Population
651(14)
John J. McCusker
Migration and Labor
665(6)
John J. McCusker
Gross Domestic Product and Wealth
671(3)
John J. McCusker
Prices and Commodity Price Index
674(18)
John J. McCusker
Finance
692(8)
John J. McCusker
Agriculture and Fisheries
700(4)
John J. McCusker
Manufacturing
704(3)
John J. McCusker
Government
707(3)
John J. McCusker
International Transactions and Foreign Commerce
710(63)
John J. McCusker
Confederate States of America
773(52)
Roger L. Ransom
Essay
Confederate States of America
773(10)
Roger L. Ransom
Tables
Population and Economy
783(8)
Roger L. Ransom
Money and Prices
791(9)
Roger L. Ransom
Government Finances
800(9)
Roger L. Ransom
APPENDIXES
Weights, Measures, and Monetary Values
809(6)
States and Census Regions
815(4)
Origin of Historical Statistics of the United States
819(6)
Copyright Citations 825
Index 1