Table of Contents for Practical Reliability Engineering


Preface to the First Edition xv
Preface to the Second Edition xvii
Preface to the Third Edition xix
Preface to the Third Edition Revised xxi
Preface to the Fourth Edition xxiii
Preface to the Fifth Edition xxv
Acknowledgements xxvii
1 Introduction to Reliability Engineering
1(18)
1.1 What is Reliability Engineering?
1(1)
1.2 Why Teach Reliability Engineering?
2(2)
1.3 Why Do Engineering Products Fail?
4(2)
1.4 Probabilistic Reliability
6(1)
1.5 Repairable and Non-Repairable Items
7(1)
1.6 The Pattern of Failures with Time (Non-Repairable Items)
8(1)
1.7 The Pattern of Failures with Time (Repairable Items)
9(1)
1.8 The Development of Reliability Engineering
9(2)
1.9 Courses, Conferences and Literature
11(1)
1.10 Organizations Involved in Reliability Work
12(1)
1.11 Reliability as an Effectiveness Parameter
12(1)
1.12 Reliability Programme Activities
13(1)
1.13 Reliability Economics and Management
14(5)
Questions
17(1)
Bibliography
18(1)
2 Reliability Mathematics
19(51)
2.1 Introduction
19(1)
2.2 Variation
19(2)
2.3 Probability Concepts
21(1)
2.4 Rules of Probability
22(6)
2.5 Continuous Variation
28(5)
2.6 Continuous Distribution Functions
33(8)
2.7 Summary of Continuous Statistical Distributions
41(1)
2.8 Variation in Engineering
41(6)
2.9 Conclusions
47(1)
2.10 Discrete Variation
48(3)
2.11 Statistical Confidence
51(2)
2.12 Statistical Hypothesis Testing
53(4)
2.13 Non-Parametric Inferential Methods
57(2)
2.14 Goodness of Fit
59(2)
2.15 Series of Events (Point Processes)
61(3)
2.16 Computer Software for Statistics
64(1)
2.17 Practical Conclusions
64(6)
Questions
66(2)
Bibliography
68(2)
3 Life Data Analysis and Probability Plotting
70(38)
3.1 Introduction
70(1)
3.2 Life Data Classification
71(4)
3.3 Ranking of Data
75(3)
3.4 Weibull Distribution
78(7)
3.5 Computerized Data Analysis and Probability Plotting
85(4)
3.6 Confidence Bounds for Life Data Analysis
89(6)
3.7 Choosing the Best Distribution and Assessing the Results
95(7)
3.8 Conclusions
102(6)
Questions
103(4)
Bibliography
107(1)
4 Monte Carlo Simulation
108(12)
4.1 Introduction
108(1)
4.2 Monte Carlo Simulation Basics
108(1)
4.3 Additional Statistical Distributions
108(2)
4.4 Sampling a Statistical Distribution
110(3)
4.5 Basic Steps for Performing a Monte Carlo Simulation
113(2)
4.6 Monte Carlo Method Summary
115(5)
Questions
118(1)
Bibliography
119(1)
5 Load-Strength Interference
120(14)
5.1 Introduction
120(1)
5.2 Distributed Load and Strength
120(3)
5.3 Analysis of Load-Strength Interference
123(1)
5.4 Effect of Safety Margin and Loading Roughness on Reliability (Multiple Load Applications)
124(7)
5.5 Practical Aspects
131(3)
Questions
132(1)
Bibliography
133(1)
6 Reliability Prediction and Modelling
134(43)
6.1 Introduction
134(1)
6.2 Fundamental Limitations of Reliability Prediction
135(1)
6.3 Standards Based Reliability Prediction
136(5)
6.4 Other Methods for Reliability Predictions
141(2)
6.5 Practical Aspects
143(1)
6.6 Systems Reliability Models
143(4)
6.7 Availability of Repairable Systems
147(4)
6.8 Modular Design
151(1)
6.9 Block Diagram Analysis
152(5)
6.10 Fault Tree Analysis (FTA)
157(1)
6.11 State-Space Analysis (Markov Analysis)
158(7)
6.12 Petri Nets
165(4)
6.13 Reliability Apportionment
169(1)
6.14 Conclusions
170(7)
Questions
170(5)
Bibliography
175(2)
7 Design for Reliability
177(28)
7.1 Introduction
177(1)
7.2 Design for Reliability Process
178(1)
7.3 Identify
179(4)
7.4 Design
183(13)
7.5 Analyse
196(1)
7.6 Verify
197(1)
7.7 Validate
198(1)
7.8 Control
198(3)
7.9 Assessing the DfR Capability of an Organization
201(1)
7.10 Summary
201(4)
Questions
202(1)
Bibliography
203(2)
8 Reliability of Mechanical Components and Systems
205(20)
8.1 Introduction
205(1)
8.2 Mechanical Stress, Strength and Fracture
206(2)
8.3 Fatigue
208(6)
8.4 Creep
214(1)
8.5 Wear
214(2)
8.6 Corrosion
216(1)
8.7 Vibration and Shock
216(2)
8.8 Temperature Effects
218(2)
8.9 Materials
220(1)
8.10 Components
220(1)
8.11 Processes
221(4)
Questions
222(1)
Bibliography
223(2)
9 Electronic Systems Reliability
225(37)
9.1 Introduction
225(1)
9.2 Reliability of Electronic Components
226(3)
9.3 Component Types and Failure Mechanisms
229(14)
9.4 Summary of Device Failure Modes
243(1)
9.5 Circuit and System Aspects
244(1)
9.6 Reliability in Electronic System Design
245(9)
9.7 Parameter Variation and Tolerances
254(4)
9.8 Design for Production, Test and Maintenance
258(4)
Questions
259(1)
Bibliography
260(2)
10 Software Reliability
262(22)
10.1 Introduction
262(1)
10.2 Software in Engineering Systems
263(2)
10.3 Software Errors
265(2)
10.4 Preventing Errors
267(1)
10.5 Software Structure and Modularity
268(1)
10.6 Programming Style
269(1)
10.7 Fault Tolerance
269(1)
10.8 Redundancy/Diversity
270(1)
10.9 Languages
270(2)
10.10 Data Reliability
272(1)
10.11 Software Checking
272(2)
10.12 Software Testing
274(1)
10.13 Error Reporting
275(1)
10.14 Software Reliability Prediction and Measurement
276(5)
10.15 Hardware/Software Interfaces
281(1)
10.16 Conclusions
281(3)
Questions
283(1)
Bibliography
283(1)
11 Design of Experiments and Analysis of Variance
284(22)
11.1 Introduction
284(1)
11.2 Statistical Design of Experiments and Analysis of Variance
284(12)
11.3 Randomizing the Data
296(1)
11.4 Engineering Interpretation of Results
297(1)
11.5 The Taguchi Method
297(4)
11.6 Conclusions
301(5)
Questions
302(3)
Bibliography
305(1)
12 Reliability Testing
306(21)
12.1 Introduction
306(1)
12.2 Planning Reliability Testing
307(2)
12.3 Test Environments
309(4)
12.4 Testing for Reliability and Durability: Accelerated Test
313(9)
12.5 Test Planning
322(1)
12.6 Failure Reporting, Analysis and Corrective Action Systems (FRACAS)
323(4)
Questions
324(1)
Bibliography
325(2)
13 Analysing Reliability Data
327(30)
13.1 Introduction
327(1)
13.2 Pareto Analysis
327(1)
13.3 Accelerated Test Data Analysis
328(1)
13.4 Acceleration Factor
329(1)
13.5 Acceleration Models
330(5)
13.6 Field-Test Relationship
335(1)
13.7 Statistical Analysis of Accelerated Test Dam
336(3)
13.8 Reliability Analysis of Repairable Systems
339(4)
13.9 CUSUM Charts
343(3)
13.10 Exploratory Data Analysis and Proportional Hazards Modelling
346(2)
13.11 Field and Warranty Data Analysis
348(9)
Questions
351(4)
Bibliography
355(2)
14 Reliability Demonstration and Growth
357(29)
14.1 Introduction
357(1)
14.2 Reliability Metrics
357(1)
14.3 Test to Success (Success Run Method)
358(1)
14.4 Test to Failure Method
359(1)
14.5 Extended Life Test
360(1)
14.6 Continuous Testing
361(1)
14.7 Degradation Analysis
362(1)
14.8 Combining Results Using Bayesian Statistics
363(2)
14.9 Non-Parametric Methods
365(1)
14.10 Reliability Demonstration Software
366(1)
14.11 Practical Aspects of Reliability Demonstration
366(1)
14.12 Standard Methods for Repairable Equipment
367(6)
14.13 Reliability Growth Monitoring
373(9)
14.14 Making Reliability Grow
382(4)
Questions
383(2)
Bibliography
385(1)
15 Reliability in Manufacture
386(22)
15.1 Introduction
386(1)
15.2 Control of Production Variability
386(4)
15.3 Control of Human Variation
390(1)
15.4 Acceptance Sampling
391(4)
15.5 Improving the Process
395(4)
15.6 Quality Control in Electronics Production
399(3)
15.7 Stress Screening
402(2)
15.8 Production Failure Reporting Analysis and Corrective Action System (FRACAS)
404(1)
15.9 Conclusions
405(3)
Questions
405(1)
Bibliography
406(2)
16 Maintainability, Maintenance and Availability
408(13)
16.1 Introduction
408(1)
16.2 Availability Measures
409(1)
16.3 Maintenance Time Distributions
410(1)
16.4 Preventive Maintenance Strategy
411(4)
16.5 FMECA and FTA in Maintenance Planning
415(1)
16.6 Maintenance Schedules
415(1)
16.7 Technology Aspects
415(2)
16.8 Calibration
417(1)
16.9 Maintainability Prediction
417(1)
16.10 Maintainability Demonstration
418(1)
16.11 Design for Maintainability
418(1)
16.12 Integrated Logistic Support
418(3)
Questions
419(1)
Bibliography
420(1)
17 Reliability Management
421(30)
17.1 Corporate Policy for Reliability
421(1)
17.2 Integrated Reliability Programmes
421(3)
17.3 Reliability and Costs
424(4)
17.4 Safety and Product Liability
428(1)
17.5 Standards for Reliability, Quality and Safety
428(3)
17.6 Specifying Reliability
431(1)
17.7 Contracting for Reliability Achievement
432(2)
17.8 Managing Lower-Level Suppliers
434(1)
17.9 The Reliability Manual
435(1)
17.10 The Project Reliability Plan
436(1)
17.11 Use of External Services
436(1)
17.12 Customer Management of Reliability
437(2)
17.13 Selecting and Training for Reliability
439(1)
17.14 Organization for Reliability
440(2)
17.15 Reliability Capability and Maturity of an Organization
442(2)
17.16 Managing Production Quality
444(2)
17.17 Quality Management Approaches
446(1)
17.18 Choosing the Methods: Strategy and Tactics
447(1)
17.19 Conclusions
448(3)
Questions
449(1)
Bibliography
450(1)
Appendix 1 The Standard Cumulative Normal Distribution Function 451(2)
Appendix 2 χ(α, ν) Distribution Values 453(2)
Appendix 3 Kolmogorov-Smirnov Tables 455(2)
Appendix 4 Rank Tables (5 %, 95 %) 457(8)
Appendix 5 Failure Reporting, Analysis and Corrective Action System (FRACAS) 465(2)
Appendix 6 Reliability, Maintainability (and Safety) Plan Example 467(7)
Appendix 7 Matrix Algebra Revision 474(2)
Index 476