Table of Contents for How to Do Everything Genealogy


Acknowledgments xv
Introduction xvii
PART I Begin Your Family History Odyssey
Chapter 1 Why Explore Your Genealogy?
3(28)
Start at the Beginning: Yourself and Your Family
4(3)
Discover Sources of Information in Your Own Home
7(15)
Vital and Civil Records
7(3)
Religious Records
10(1)
Personal or Family Bible
10(1)
Photograph Albums
10(1)
Scrapbooks
10(1)
Letters
11(2)
Diaries and Journals
13(1)
Family Histories
14(1)
Local Histories
14(1)
Baby Books
15(1)
Marriage Books
15(1)
Funeral Books and Memorial Cards
16(2)
Identification Documents
18(1)
Immigration Papers
18(1)
Naturalization Papers
19(1)
Land Records
20(1)
Military Records
20(1)
Directories
20(1)
Religious Publications
20(1)
School Records
20(2)
Employment Records
22(1)
Search for the Less-Than-Obvious Items
22(1)
Interview All Your Relatives
22(7)
Consider Several Types of Interview
24(1)
Schedule Interviews for Best Results
25(1)
Ask the Right Questions
26(1)
Use the Right Equipment for Your Interviews
26(2)
Set the Tone of the Interview
28(1)
Don't Forget the "Thank You"
29(1)
Begin to Organize What You Find
29(1)
Get Started
29(2)
Chapter 2 Analyze and Organize Your Family Information
31(28)
Evaluate Primary vs. Secondary Information
32(8)
Birth Certificates
32(1)
Marriage Certificates
33(1)
Death Certificates
33(2)
Obituaries
35(1)
Cemetery Markers
36(3)
Bible Entries
39(1)
Recognize and Evaluate Original vs. Derivative Sources
40(2)
Understand Types of Derivative Sources
40(2)
Avoid Errors in Derivative Sources
42(1)
Apply Critical Thinking Skills to Your Genealogical Research
42(2)
Place Your Ancestors into Context
44(1)
Format Names, Dates, and Locations Correctly
44(3)
Record Names
45(1)
Record Dates
46(1)
Record Locations
46(1)
Work with Pedigree Charts
47(2)
Work with Family Group Sheets
49(3)
Record Multiple Family Units with a Common Spouse
51(1)
How to Handle Nontraditional Family Units
51(1)
How to Handle Adopted Children
51(1)
Create Source Citations for Your Data
52(2)
Select a Family Tree Format
54(5)
Chapter 3 Balance Traditional and Electronic Research
59(16)
Be a Modern Genealogical Researcher
60(3)
Understand Traditional Research
63(1)
Discover Documentary Evidence and Where It Is Found
63(6)
Books and Periodicals
64(1)
Manuscripts
65(1)
Maps
65(1)
Indexes
66(1)
Histories
66(1)
Biographies
66(1)
Newspapers
67(1)
Documents from Many Traditional Locations and Sources
68(1)
Understand Electronic Research Materials
69(5)
Email and Mailing Lists
69(1)
Message Boards
69(1)
Web Pages
69(1)
Compilations and Indexes
70(1)
Search Engines
71(1)
Subscription Internet Sites for Genealogy
71(1)
Blogs
72(1)
Podcasts and Videocasts
72(1)
Webinars
73(1)
Live Online Radio
74(1)
Integrate Traditional and Electronic Research Findings
74(1)
Chapter 4 Place Your Ancestors into Context and Locate Vital Records
75(36)
Place Your Ancestors into Context
76(1)
Become a Student of History
77(7)
Family Histories
78(1)
County and Local Histories
78(2)
State and Provincial Histories
80(1)
National and World History
81(3)
Use Maps to Locate the Right Place to Research
84(9)
Avoid Wasted Time and Energy
85(1)
Use Maps for Multiple Purposes
85(2)
Use a Methodology That Works
87(6)
Maps Can Equal Success
93(1)
Locate Birth, Marriage, and Death Records
93(18)
Locate Birth Certificates
95(5)
Find Marriage Licenses and Certificates
100(5)
Research Divorce Records
105(1)
Locate Death Certificates
106(5)
Chapter 5 Use Census Schedules and Records to Locate Your Ancestors
111(44)
Understand and Work with United States Census Records
113(20)
Understand Originals vs. Copies of Census Documents
116(3)
Use Strategies to Work with Population Schedules
119(1)
Don't Overlook the 1885 Census
120(1)
Use Substitutes for the 1890 Census
121(1)
Use the 1940 Census
121(1)
Use More than Just Population Schedules
122(4)
Use Census Finding Aids to Locate Your Ancestors
126(1)
Use Soundex and Miracode Index Resources
127(4)
Use Excellent U.S. Census Reference Books
131(1)
Access the Census Images on Microfilm and in Online Databases
132(1)
Don't Forget to Search State Censuses
132(1)
Understand and Work with British and Irish Census Records
133(7)
Work with England's and Wales' Census Records
137(1)
Learn the Status of Irish Census Records
137(1)
Use Quality Reference Materials When Working with British Census Records
138(1)
Access the Census Records for the British Isles
139(1)
Understand and Work with Canadian Census Records
140(3)
Explore the Depth of the 1871 Census for Canada
140(3)
Locate Additional Information on the Censuses
143(12)
PART II Expand Your Research
Chapter 6 Extend Your Research with Advanced Record Types
155(44)
Use Religious Records
156(8)
Locate the Right Institution
156(2)
Determine What Records the Institution Might Have Created
158(1)
Locate the Records Today
158(2)
Gain Access to the Records
160(1)
Interpret, Evaluate, and Place the Records into Perspective
161(1)
Consider a Variety of Religious Records
162(2)
Obtain and Analyze Mortuary and Funeral Home Records
164(2)
Read Between the Lines in Obituaries
166(1)
Locate and Delve into Cemetery Records
167(6)
Search for Other Death-Related Documents
173(4)
Get Inside Your Ancestor's Mind Using Wills and Probate Records
177(15)
Understand the Meaning of a Will and Testament
178(1)
Understand the Probate Process
179(4)
Learn What a Will Can Tell You---Literally and by Implication
183(1)
Examine the Contents of a Probate Packet
184(4)
Watch for Clues and Pointers in the Probate Packet
188(2)
Learn Why You Really Want to Examine Documents Yourself
190(1)
Locate and Obtain Copies of Wills and Probate Documents
191(1)
Obtain Information from the Social Security Administration and Railroad Retirement Board
192(3)
Use Historical Newspapers to Learn About Your Ancestor's Life Events
195(2)
Consider Other Institutional Record Types
197(2)
Chapter 7 Use the Many Types of Military Service Records
199(48)
Expand Your Knowledge of the Military Services
201(1)
Investigate Military History for the Appropriate Time Period
202(3)
Identify Possible Sources for Military Records
205(18)
Locate Military Records in the United States
206(7)
Locate Canadian Military Records
213(3)
Locate Military Records in the United Kingdom
216(6)
Locate Australian Military Records
222(1)
Examine Samples of Military Records
223(23)
Locate Enlistment and Draft Registration Records
224(3)
Military Muster Rolls and Pay Records
227(1)
Seek Out Educational and Training Records
227(1)
Look for Military Station and Duty Assignment Orders
227(2)
Promotions and Commissions
229(4)
Locate Military Discharge and Separation Records
233(9)
Death and Burial Records
242(4)
Locate Other Military-Related Records
246(1)
Chapter 8 Understand and Use Land and Property Records
247(26)
Locate and Use Land and Property Records in the United States
248(17)
Learn About the Organization of State and Public Lands
250(10)
Locate Land and Property Records
260(1)
Learn About Types of Records
260(5)
Learn About Land and Property Records in Canada
265(3)
Land Measurement in Canada
266(1)
Land Systems Used in Canada
266(1)
Taxation and Duty Records
267(1)
Locate the Land Records
267(1)
Learn About Land and Property Records in the United Kingdom
268(2)
How Many Manors Were There?
269(1)
Manorial Records
269(1)
Locate Land and Property Records Online
270(1)
Place Your Ancestors into Context with Property Records
271(2)
Chapter 9 Locate and Use Immigration and Naturalization Records
273(38)
Understand Why People Migrate
274(2)
Locate and Use U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Records
276(14)
Learn About How Our Ancestors Traveled
277(2)
Learn About the History of Ships' Passenger Lists
279(11)
Locate and Access Canadian Immigration Records
290(4)
Consult the Library and Archives Canada
291(3)
Locate and Access Australian Immigration Records
294(2)
Learn About Australian History
295(1)
Use Strategies for Determining Your Ancestor's Migration Path
296(4)
Start with What You Know
296(1)
Refer to Vital Documents and Ecclesiastical Records
297(1)
Don't Overlook Voter Registration Records
297(1)
Look for Passport Records
297(2)
Locate and Use the U.S. Federal Census Population Schedules
299(1)
Study Published Histories
299(1)
Look for Books About Early Settlers
299(1)
Search for Shipping News
300(1)
Use Other Strategies for Determining Your Ancestor's Place of Origin
300(2)
Use Photographic Images
300(1)
Look at Home for Letters Written in Another Language
301(1)
Consider Family Customs
301(1)
Find Clues in Culinary Styles
301(1)
Pay Attention to Family Physical Traits
301(1)
Use Alternative Record Types to Identify Clues
302(1)
Use the Resources at the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Website
302(1)
Understand the Naturalization Process
302(8)
Locate Repositories Where Naturalization and Related Documents Are Housed
307(3)
Work Immigration, Naturalization, and Census Records in Tandem
310(1)
Chapter 10 Discover Where to Locate Evidence About Your Family
311(30)
Determine Where to Look for Different Document Types
312(1)
Use Indexes, Compilations, and Other Finding Aids
313(8)
Use Indexes
313(6)
Use Compilations
319(1)
Use Other Finding Aids
320(1)
Use Libraries and Archives
321(4)
Learn How to Use the Library Catalog
321(1)
Start with What Has Already Been Done
322(2)
Use the Library of Congress Online Catalog
324(1)
Use the FamilySearch Catalog and the LDS Family History Centers
325(1)
Consult Reference Books and Other Resources
326(5)
Locate the Repository on the Internet
327(1)
Contact the Repository
328(1)
Seek Help from a State, Provincial, or National Library or Archive
329(1)
Contact Genealogical and Historical Societies at All Levels
329(1)
Engage a Professional Researcher
330(1)
Deal with Closed or Limited Access to Materials
331(2)
Be Prepared to Provide Proof of Your Relationship
331(1)
Offer to Pay All the Expenses
332(1)
Provide Letters of Authorization or Permission to Access
332(1)
Invoke the Use of the Freedom of Information Act
332(1)
Obtain a Court Order
333(1)
Order Document Copies by Postal Mail and Email
333(3)
Keep Track of Your Correspondence
336(1)
Use a Research Log
337(4)
PART III Learn Research Methods and Strategies
Chapter 11 Learn How to Successfully Research Your Ancestors on the Internet
341(34)
Categorize the Major Types of Internet Resources
342(1)
Categorize the Major Types of Genealogical Web Page Resources
343(10)
Compilation Sites
343(4)
"How-to," Educational, and Reference Sites
347(1)
Genealogy Charts and Forms
347(1)
Online Databases
348(4)
Genealogical Societies
352(1)
Structure Effective Searches to Locate Information
353(6)
Define the Difference Between Search Engines and Directories
353(4)
Use a Search Engine to Get Great Results
357(2)
Use Mailing Lists and Message Boards to Share Information and Collaborate with Others
359(9)
What Is a Mailing List?
360(2)
What Is a Message Board?
362(4)
Write Effective Messages and Postings That Get Results
366(2)
Locate and Use Additional Resources in Your Research
368(7)
Online Map Resources
369(1)
Dictionaries
370(1)
Language Translation
371(1)
Historical and Biographical Resources
371(1)
Calendars
372(1)
People Finders and Telephone Directories
372(3)
Chapter 12 Research and Verify Your Ancestors Using Genetic Genealogy (DNA)
375(10)
Learn About DNA and Its Place in Genealogical Research
376(2)
Discover the Difference Between Paternal and Maternal Testing and the Results
378(3)
Learn About Genetic Testing Services
381(1)
Join a DNA Surname Project on the Internet
382(1)
Learn More About Genetic Genealogy
383(2)
Chapter 13 Use Alternative Research Strategies to Locate Difficult Records
385(32)
Recognize When You Have Hit a "Brick Wall"
386(5)
Take a Fresh Look at Your Evidence
391(1)
Reevaluate the Quality of Your Sources
392(2)
Dissect Obituaries
394(4)
Widen the Scope of Your Search to Include New and Different Sources
398(2)
Use Photographs in Your Family Research
400(9)
Learn About the Types of Photographs
400(8)
Date Photographs Using Clothing and Hair Fashions
408(1)
Switch to Another Family Member to Bypass Your Roadblock
409(1)
Seek Help from Libraries, Archives, Museums, and Societies
409(2)
Engage the Help of a Professional Researcher
411(6)
Locate a Qualified Professional Genealogical Researcher
411(2)
Define the Scope of the Work to Be Performed
413(1)
Establish Guidelines, Goals, and Milestones
414(1)
Document the Relationship
414(1)
Conclude the Relationship
415(2)
Chapter 14 Use the Latest Online Resources and Social Networking in Your Genealogy Research
417(14)
Locate and Use Blogs
417(3)
Use Wikis and Collaborate with Others
420(2)
Enjoy Podcasts and Online Radio Broadcasts
422(1)
Learn More About Genealogical Research with Internet Videos
423(1)
Attend Live Webinars and Access Recorded Webinars
424(1)
Learn About and Use the Latest Social Media Resources
425(4)
Facebook
426(1)
Genealogy Wise
427(1)
Google +
427(2)
Twitter
429(1)
Summary
429(2)
Index 431