Table of Contents for Genealogy


Acknowledgments xiii
Introduction xiii
PART I Begin Your Family History Odyssey
Why Explore Your Genealogy?
3(26)
Start at the Beginning: Yourself and Your Family
4(3)
Discover Sources of Information in Your Own Home
7(14)
Vital and Civil Records
7(2)
Religious Records
9(1)
Personal or Family Bible
10(1)
Photograph Albums
11(1)
Scrapbooks
12(1)
Letters
13(1)
Diaries and Journals
13(1)
Family Histories
13(1)
Local Histories
14(1)
Baby Books
14(1)
Marriage Books
15(1)
Funeral Books and Memorial Cards
15(2)
Identification Documents
17(1)
Immigration Papers
17(1)
Naturalization Papers
18(1)
Land Records
19(1)
Military Records
19(1)
Directories
19(1)
Religious Publications
19(1)
School Records
19(2)
Employment Records
21(1)
Search for the Less-Than-Obvious Items
21(1)
Interview All Your Relatives
21(7)
Consider Several Types of Interview
23(1)
Schedule Interviews for Best Results
24(1)
Ask the Right Questions
25(1)
Use the Right Equipment for Your Interviews
26(1)
Set the Tone of the Interview
26(1)
Don't Forget the ``Thank You''
27(1)
Begin to Organize What You Find
28(1)
Get Started
28(1)
Balance Traditional and Electronic Research
29(16)
Be a Modern Genealogical Researcher
30(3)
Understand Traditional Research
33(1)
Discover Documentary Evidence and Where It Is Found
33(4)
Books and Periodicals
34(1)
Manuscripts
34(1)
Maps
35(1)
Indexes
35(1)
Histories
36(1)
Biographies
36(1)
Newspapers
36(1)
Documents from Many Traditional Locations and Sources
37(1)
Understand Electronic Research Materials
37(6)
Email and Mailing Lists
38(1)
Message Boards
38(1)
Web Pages
39(1)
Compilations and Indexes
39(1)
Subscription Internet Sites for Genealogy
40(1)
Blogs
40(1)
Podcasts and Vidcasts
41(1)
Social Networking Sites
42(1)
Integrate Traditional and Electronic Research Findings
43(2)
Organize and Create Your Family Tree
45(26)
Evaluate Primary vs. Secondary Sources
46(6)
Birth Certificates
46(1)
Marriage Certificates
47(1)
Death Certificates
48(1)
Obituaries
48(1)
Cemetery Markers
49(3)
Bible Entries
52(1)
Recognize and Evaluate Original vs. Derivative Sources
52(3)
Understand Types of Derivative Sources
53(1)
Avoid Errors in Derivative Sources
54(1)
Apply Critical Thinking Skills to Your Genealogical Research
55(1)
Place Your Ancestors into Context
56(1)
Format Names, Dates, and Locations Correctly
57(2)
Record Names
57(1)
Record Dates
57(1)
Record Locations
58(1)
Work with Pedigree Charts
59(3)
Work with Family Group Sheets
62(3)
Record Multiple Family Units with a Common Spouse
64(1)
How to Handle Nontraditional Family Units
64(1)
How to Handle Adopted Children
64(1)
Create Source Citations for Your Data
65(2)
Select a Family Tree Format
67(4)
Place Your Ancestors into Context and Locate Vital Records
71(38)
Place Your Ancestors into Context
72(1)
Become a Student of History
73(6)
Family Histories
74(1)
County and Local Histories
74(2)
State and Provincial Histories
76(1)
National and World History
77(2)
Use Maps to Locate the Right Place to Research
79(10)
Avoid Wasted Time and Energy
81(1)
Use Maps for Multiple Purposes
81(1)
Use a Methodology That Works
82(7)
Maps Can Equal Success
89(1)
Locate Birth, Marriage, and Death Records
89(20)
Locate Birth Certificates
91(6)
Find Marriage Licenses and Certificates
97(4)
Research Divorce Records
101(3)
Locate Death Certificates
104(5)
Use Census Schedules and Records to Locate Your Ancestors
109(38)
Understand and Work with United States Census Records
111(19)
Original vs. Copies of Census Documents
115(2)
Use Strategies to Work with Population Schedules
117(1)
Use Substitutes for the 1890 Census
118(1)
Use More than Just Population Schedules
118(5)
Use Census Finding Aids to Locate Your Ancestors
123(1)
Use Soundex and Miracode Index Resources
123(5)
Use Excellent U.S. Federal Census Reference Books
128(1)
Access the Census Images on Microfilm and in Online Databases
128(1)
Don't Forget to Search State Censuses
129(1)
Understand and Work with British and Irish Census Records
130(6)
Work with England's Census Records
133(1)
Learn the Status of Irish Census Records
133(1)
Use Quality Reference Materials when Working with British Census Records
134(1)
Access the Census Records for the British Isles
135(1)
Understand and Work with Canadian Census Records
136(2)
Explore the Depth of the 1871 Census
136(2)
Locate Additional Information on the Censuses
138(9)
Extend Your Research with Advanced Record Types
147(42)
Use Religious Records
148(7)
Locate the Right Institution
148(2)
Determine What Records the Institution Might Have Created
150(1)
Locate the Records Today
150(2)
Gain Access to the Records
152(1)
Interpret, Evaluate, and Place the Records into Perspective
153(1)
Consider a Variety of Religious Records
154(1)
Obtain and Analyze Mortuary and Funeral Home Records
155(1)
Read Between the Lines in Obituaries
156(3)
Locate and Delve into Cemetery Records
159(10)
Search for Other Death-Related Documents
165(4)
Get Inside Your Ancestor's Mind Using Wills and Probate Records
169(14)
Understand the Meaning of a Will and Testament
169(1)
The Probate Process Defined
170(4)
Learn What a Will Can Tell You---Literally and by Implication
174(1)
Examine the Contents of a Probate Packet
175(6)
Watch for Clues and Pointers in the Probate Packet
181(1)
You Really Want to Examine Documents Yourself
182(1)
Locate and Obtain Copies of Wills and Probate Documents
182(1)
Obtain Information from the Social Security Administration and Railroad Retirement Board
183(4)
Consider Other Institutional Record Types
187(2)
Use the Many Types of Military Service Records
189(44)
Expand Your Knowledge of the Military Services
190(5)
Investigate Military History for the Appropriate Time Period
191(4)
Identify Possible Sources for Military Records
195(12)
Locate Military Records in the United States
195(4)
Locate Canadian Military Records
199(2)
Locate Military Records in the United Kingdom
201(6)
Locate Australian Military Records
207(1)
Examine Samples of Military Records
207(22)
Enlistment and Draft Registration Records
209(1)
Military Muster Rolls and Pay Records
209(4)
Educational and Training Records
213(1)
Station and Duty Assignment Orders
214(1)
Promotions and Commissions
214(1)
Discharge and Separation Records
214(9)
Death and Burial Records
223(6)
Learn from Military Pension Records
229(4)
Understand and Use Land and Property Records
233(24)
Locate and Use Land and Property Records in the United States
234(16)
Learn About the Organization of State and Federal Lands
235(9)
Places to Locate Land and Property Records
244(2)
Learn About Types of Records
246(4)
Land and Property Records in Canada
250(3)
Land Measurement in Canada
251(1)
Land Systems Used in Canada
251(1)
Taxation and Duty Records
252(1)
Locate the Land Records
252(1)
Learn About Land and Property Records in the United Kingdom
253(2)
How Many Manors Were There?
254(1)
Manorial Records
254(1)
Locate Land and Property Records Online
255(1)
Place Your Ancestors into Context with Property Records
256(1)
Locate and Use Immigration and Naturalization Records
257(40)
Understand Why People Migrate
258(2)
Locate and Use U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Records
260(15)
Our Ancestors Came in Ships
261(2)
Learn About the History of Ships' Passenger Lists
263(12)
Locate and Access Canadian Immigration Records
275(3)
Library and Archives Canada
275(3)
Locate and Access Australian Immigration Records
278(2)
Use Strategies for Determining Your Ancestor's Ship
280(4)
Start with What You Know
280(1)
Refer to Vital Documents
281(1)
Don't Overlook Voter Registration Records
281(1)
Look for Passport Records
281(1)
Locate and Use the U.S. Federal Census Population Schedules
281(1)
Study Published Histories
281(2)
Look for Books About Early Settlers
283(1)
Seek Supplemental Information on the Internet
283(1)
Consult Indexes
283(1)
Search for Shipping News
284(1)
Use Other Strategies for Determining Your Ancestor's Place of Origin
284(2)
Use Photographic Images
284(1)
Look for Letters Written in Another Language at Home
285(1)
Consider Family Customs
285(1)
Culinary Styles Can Provide Clues
285(1)
Pay Attention to Family Physical Traits
285(1)
Use Alternative Record Types to Identify Clues
286(1)
Use the Resources at the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services Website
286(1)
Understand the Naturalization Process
286(8)
Locate Repositories Where Naturalization and Related Documents Are Housed
292(2)
Work Immigration, Naturalization, and Census Records in Tandem
294(3)
PART II Research Methods and Strategies
Discover Where to Locate Documents About Your Family
297(28)
Determine Where to Look for Different Document Types
298(1)
Use Indexes, Compilations, and Other Finding Aids
299(9)
Indexes
299(8)
Compilations
307(1)
Other Finding Aids
307(1)
Use Libraries and Archives
308(4)
Learn to Use the Library Catalog
308(1)
Start with What Has Already Been Done
309(2)
The Library of Congress Online Catalog
311(1)
Use the LDS Family History Center
312(1)
Consult Reference Books and Other Resources
312(5)
Locate the Repository on the Internet
314(1)
Contact the Repository
314(1)
Seek Help from a State, Provincial, or National Library or Archive
315(1)
Contact Genealogical and Historical Societies at All Levels
315(1)
Engage a Professional Researcher
316(1)
Deal with Closed or Limited Access to Materials
317(2)
Be Prepared to Provide Proof of Your Relationship
317(1)
Offer to Pay All the Expenses
318(1)
Provide Letters of Authorization or Permission to Access
318(1)
Invoke the Use of the Freedom of Information Act
318(1)
Obtain a Court Order
319(1)
Order Document Copies by Postal Mail and Email
319(3)
Keep Track of Your Correspondence
322(1)
Use a Research Log
323(2)
Learn How to Successfully Research Your Ancestors on the Internet
325(32)
Categorize the Three Major Types of Internet Resources
326(1)
Categorize the Major Types of Genealogical Web Page Resources
327(9)
Compilation Sites
327(3)
``How-to,'' Educational, and Reference Sites
330(1)
Genealogy Charts and Forms
331(1)
Online Databases
332(4)
Genealogical Societies
336(1)
Structure Effective Searches to Locate Information
336(4)
Define the Difference Between Search Engines and Directories
337(3)
Select a ``Comfortable'' Search Engine and Really Get to Know It
340(1)
Structure Effective Searches to Locate Information
340(3)
Use a Search Engine to Get Great Results
341(2)
Use Mailing Lists and Message Boards to Share Information and Collaborate with Others
343(9)
What Is a Mailing List?
344(2)
What Is a Message Board?
346(4)
Write Effective Messages and Postings That Get Results
350(2)
Locate and Use Additional Resources in Your Research
352(5)
Online Map Resources
353(1)
Dictionaries
354(1)
Language Translation
354(1)
Historical and Biographical Resources
355(1)
Calendars
355(1)
People Finders and Telephone Directories
355(2)
Research and Verify Your Ancestors Using Genetic Genealogy (DNA)
357(10)
Learn About DNA and Its Place in Genealogical Research
358(2)
Discover the Difference Between Paternal and Maternal Testing and the Results
360(2)
Learn About Genetic Testing Services
362(1)
Join a DNA Surname Project on the Internet
363(2)
Learn More About Genetic Genealogy
365(2)
Follow Alternative Research Paths to Locate Difficult Records
367(28)
Recognize when You Have Hit a ``Brick Wall''
368(4)
Take a Fresh Look at Old Documentation
372(2)
Reevaluate the Quality of Your Sources
374(2)
Widen the Scope of Your Search to Include New and Different Sources
376(2)
Use Photographs in Your Family Research
378(9)
Learn About the Types of Photographs
379(7)
Date Photographs Using Clothing and Hair Fashions
386(1)
Switch to Another Family Member to Bypass Your Roadblock
387(1)
Seek Help from Libraries, Archives, Museums, and Societies
388(1)
Engage the Help of a Professional Researcher
389(6)
Locate a Qualified Professional Genealogical Researcher
389(3)
Define the Scope of the Work to Be Performed
392(1)
Establish Guidelines, Goals, and Milestones
392(1)
Document the Relationship
393(1)
Conclude the Relationship
393(2)
Plan a Very Successful Genealogical Research Trip
395(26)
Determine the Scope of Your Trip
396(5)
Develop a Research Plan
397(4)
Plan Your Time Effectively
401(9)
Obtain Information About the Area You Will Be Visiting
402(1)
Make Hotel Reservations in Advance
403(1)
Search the Internet for Libraries and Archives
404(3)
Search the Web for Government Offices and Departments
407(1)
Search the Web for Genealogical and Historical Societies
408(1)
Contact Religious Institutions
409(1)
Locate the Cemeteries Where Ancestors May Be Interred
409(1)
Contact Schools, Colleges, and Universities
410(1)
Make Appointments in Advance
410(1)
Set Up a Schedule
410(1)
Take the Right Tools with You
411(6)
Pack the Right Clothing for the Activities
412(1)
Select Other Tools for Outdoor Work
413(1)
Choose Supplies for Recording Information
413(4)
Consider Taking Some Additional Tools
417(1)
Don't Forget the Money!
418(1)
Cover the On-site Territory Effectively
418(1)
Perform a Daily Reassessment
419(2)
Harness Technology for Your Genealogical Research
421(12)
Determine What Computer Equipment Is Right for Your Work
422(3)
Select a Computer
422(1)
Consider Printer Options
423(1)
Scanners
424(1)
Digital Cameras
424(1)
Choose Genealogy Database Software to Support Your Genealogical Work
425(5)
Family Historian
426(1)
Family Tree Maker
427(1)
HEREDIS
427(1)
Legacy Family Tree
428(1)
MacFamilyTree
428(1)
The Master Genealogist
428(1)
Reunion
429(1)
RootsMagic
429(1)
Integrate Handhelds and Smartphones into Your Research
430(1)
Get Out There!
431(2)
Index 433