Table of Contents for Construction Codes and Inspection Handbook


General Information
1(12)
Introduction
2(1)
Responsibility
2(1)
Authority
3(1)
Quality Control
3(1)
Plans and Specifications
3(1)
Required Geographic Design Criteria
4(1)
Shop Drawings
4(1)
Inspection Report
4(2)
Preconstruction Meeting
6(1)
Equipment Proposal
6(1)
Claims
7(1)
Progress Schedules
7(1)
Labor Enforcement
7(1)
Storage of Materials
8(1)
Subcontractors' Payment Estimates
8(1)
Rights-of-Way
8(1)
Photographs
8(1)
Record Drawings
8(1)
Project Turnover
9(1)
Quality Control
9(1)
Safety
9(1)
Inspection Files
9(1)
Recommended Equipment
10(1)
References for the Inspector
11(2)
Design Quality Control Checklists
13(22)
During Design
14(15)
IBC Code Requirements Affecting Plan Review
29(6)
Sitework
35(52)
Layout and Quantity Surveys
36(1)
Layout Procedures
36(1)
Quantity Surveys
36(1)
Clearing and Grubbing
37(2)
Preconstruction Actions
37(2)
Clearing, Grubbing, and Disposal Work
39(2)
Clearing
40(1)
Disposal
40(1)
Cleanup
41(1)
Earthwork
41(9)
General
41(3)
Topsoil
44(1)
Excavation
45(1)
Earth Excavation for Buildings
46(2)
Foundations
48(1)
Caissons
48(1)
Footer Design (Typical)
49(1)
Embankments and Backfill
50(2)
Final Grading and Subgrade Preparation
52(1)
Drainage Fills for Slabs and Stone Protection
52(1)
Underground Pipe Systems
53(7)
General
53(1)
Pipes and Fittings
54(6)
Jointing of Pipes
60(1)
General
60(1)
Hot-Pour Joints
60(1)
Poured Lead Joints
60(1)
Flexible Joints
60(1)
Tapered End Couplings
60(1)
Cement Mortar Joints
60(1)
Pipe Threads
60(1)
Copper Tubing Joints
60(1)
Welded Joints
60(1)
Mechanical Joints in Manholes
61(1)
Flanged Joints in Manholes
61(1)
Corrugated Banding
61(1)
Caps or Plugs
61(1)
Manholes, Concrete Cradles, and Encasements
61(1)
Excavation, Trenching, and Backfilling
61(1)
Summary of Site Piping
62(1)
Paving
62(5)
General
62(1)
Control Testing---General
62(1)
Subcontractor Proposals
63(1)
Preparation of Subgrade
63(1)
Sub-base and Base Courses
64(2)
Granular Bases
66(1)
Reference for Additional Information
67(1)
Bituminous Prime and Tack Coats
67(5)
Planning
67(1)
Application
68(1)
Initial Checks
68(1)
Transporting, Placing, and Finishing Equipment
69(1)
Paving Operations
69(1)
Production Control
70(1)
Placement of Mix
70(1)
Check Sampling and Testing
71(1)
Special Applications of Asphalt
72(8)
Concrete Pavement
72(1)
Air-Entrained Concrete
72(1)
Exposure Definitions (ACI 211.1)
73(1)
Mixing Plant
73(1)
Inspections during Paving
74(3)
Joint Types (Typical)
77(3)
Concrete Sidewalks, Curbs, and Gutters
80(1)
General
80(1)
ADA Requirements
81(1)
Common ADA Errors and Omissions in New Construction and Alterations
82(3)
Introduction
82(1)
Parking
82(1)
Accessible Route---Exterior
83(1)
Curb Ramps
83(1)
Ramps
83(1)
Stairs
84(1)
Doors
84(1)
Stairs for Commercial Use
85(1)
Ramps for Commercial Use
85(1)
Patching Pavements
85(2)
Materials
85(1)
Storage
85(1)
Mix
85(1)
Equipment
85(1)
Preparation for Placement
85(1)
Placing
86(1)
Safety
86(1)
Concrete
87(56)
Concrete for Structures
88(2)
General
88(1)
Types of Concrete
88(1)
Concrete Strength Test
88(1)
Air-Entrained Concrete
88(2)
Air-Entraining Materials
90(1)
Concrete Practices, Test Methods, and Reporting Standards
90(3)
Strength
91(1)
Tests for Air Content
91(1)
Admixtures
91(1)
Recommended Air Contents
92(1)
Grouts
92(1)
Job Site Concrete Mixing
93(2)
Field Test for Moisture on Sand
93(1)
Concrete Reinforcement
94(1)
Steel Grading Authority
94(1)
Soil Capacities
95(1)
Footers (Code-Required Widths per Soil Conditions)
95(1)
Testing Concrete at the Site
96(2)
Concrete Slump Test
96(2)
Footers/Foundations
98(1)
Typical Footer Sizes
98(1)
Minimum Width of Footings
99(1)
Concrete Slabs
99(1)
Questionable Soils
99(1)
Monolithic Slab
99(1)
Piers (CMU)
99(1)
Records
100(1)
Concrete Materials
100(1)
Concrete Placement
101(7)
Forming Concrete
101(1)
Concrete Protection
102(1)
Concrete Rates of Pours
102(1)
Form Ties
102(1)
Concrete Column Bracing
102(1)
Miscellaneous Material
102(1)
Stockpiles
103(1)
Water
103(1)
Admixtures
103(1)
Preplacement Inspection
104(2)
Other Concrete Wall Systems
106(1)
ICF Wall Types
107(1)
Slabs on Grade
107(1)
Welded Wire Fabric
108(1)
Weather Considerations
108(3)
Cold Weather Concrete
108(1)
Concrete Insulation
109(1)
Hot Weather Concrete
109(1)
Effects of High Concrete Temperatures
109(1)
Cooling Concrete Materials
110(1)
Special Precautions
110(1)
Preplacement Inspection
111(2)
Foundation Insulations
111(1)
Unbalanced Backfill
112(1)
Crawlspace Venting
113(1)
Ventilation
113(1)
ADA Requirements (Flatwork)
113(1)
Shoring Elevated Slabs
114(4)
Metal Tubular Frames
115(1)
Tube and Coupler Shoring
116(1)
Single-Post Shores
116(1)
Adjustable Timber Single-Post Shores
117(1)
Nailing
117(1)
Final Checks
117(1)
Metal Decks
118(1)
Control and Construction Joints
119(1)
Control Joints
119(1)
Construction Joints
119(1)
Typical Joint Types and Locations
120(1)
Reinforcement
120(2)
Minimum Bend Diameters for Reinforcement
121(1)
Reinforcing Bars
121(1)
Concrete Testing
122(1)
Conveying and Placing
122(3)
Removal of Forms
124(1)
Finishing
125(1)
Typical Tolerances
125(1)
Footings
125(1)
Walls
125(1)
Columns
125(1)
Beams and Girders
125(1)
Elevated Slabs
125(1)
Concrete Finishes
126(1)
Unformed Surfaces
126(1)
Smooth Finish for Formed Surfaces
126(1)
Rubbed Finish
126(1)
Monolithic Finish
126(1)
Curing, Protection, and Finishing
127(2)
Lightweight Concretes
129(1)
Nondestructive Testing (NDT) of Concrete
129(2)
Retaining Walls
131(1)
Stucco
132(1)
Twenty of the Most Common Concrete Problems
132(1)
ASTM Concrete Standards
133(4)
Concrete Inspection Forms and Worksheets
137(6)
Concrete Pour Worksheet
138(2)
Concrete Form Inspector's Report
140(3)
Masonry
143(30)
General
144(1)
Samples
144(1)
Sample Panels
144(1)
Tests
144(5)
Concrete Masonry Units (CMUs)
144(1)
Concrete Block Grades
144(1)
Brick Grades
144(1)
Mortar
145(1)
Materials
146(1)
Brick
147(2)
Erection and Placement
149(2)
Protection
149(1)
Backfill Adjacent to Masonry Walls
150(1)
CMU Foundations
151(1)
Parging Walls
152(6)
Brick
156(1)
Veneer Ties
156(1)
Concrete Masonry Units (CMUs)
157(1)
Grouting
158(1)
Fireplaces
159(3)
Fire Brick
159(1)
Masonry Chimneys
159(1)
Chimney Dampers
160(1)
Roof Clearances
161(1)
Reinforced Masonry
162(1)
Pointing and Cleaning
163(1)
Wall Ties/Reinforcement
163(1)
Cold Weather Mortar
164(1)
CMU Retaining Walls
164(2)
Common Masonry Defects/Problems
166(1)
Stucco
166(1)
ASTM Concrete Standards
166(4)
ASTM Masonry Standards
170(3)
Carpentry
173(74)
Delivery and Storage
174(1)
Lumber Characteristics
174(6)
Defects
174(1)
Common Wood Engineering Terms
175(1)
Grade Stamps
176(4)
Crawlspace Framing
180(1)
Pressure-Treated
180(1)
Columns and Posts
180(1)
Girders
181(1)
Steel
181(1)
Wood Girders: Exterior Walls
182(1)
Interior Girders
183(3)
Pipe Post Loads
186(1)
Floors (Framing)
186(3)
Joist
186(1)
Engineered Joist
186(3)
Joist Spans
189(12)
Floor Joist Spans---30-psf Live Load
189(5)
Joist Spans for Areas Requiring Maximum Deflection L/360
194(4)
Ceiling Joist Spans
198(3)
Engineered Lumber
201(4)
Engineered Structural Wood
201(4)
Sheathing
205(1)
Plywood
205(2)
Plywood Classifications
205(1)
Plywood Exposure Ratings
206(1)
Grade Designation, Description, and Uses of Typical Plywoods
206(1)
Walls (Framing)
207(3)
Studs
207(1)
Wall Bracing
208(2)
Firestopping
210(1)
Firestop Materials
210(1)
Headers
210(2)
Header Spans (Exterior Walls)
210(2)
Header Spans (Interior Walls)
212(1)
Headers in Joists or Rafters
212(1)
Fasteners
212(2)
Staples
214(1)
Top Plates
214(1)
Particleboard Wall Sheathing
214(1)
Staples for Wood Structural Panels
215(1)
Rafters
215(1)
Cutting and Notching (Joists and Rafters)
215(1)
Rafter Spans
215(13)
Glue-Laminated Beams
228(1)
Roofs
229(1)
Roof Framing
229(1)
Purlins
230(1)
Roof Curbs
230(1)
Trusses
230(9)
Roof Tiedowns (Hurricane Clips)
231(2)
Wind Exposure Categories
233(1)
Wind Forces
234(1)
Roof Ventilation
235(1)
Attic Access
235(1)
Truss Installation
235(2)
Truss Inspections
237(1)
Truss Repairs
237(1)
Truss Design Requirements
237(2)
Roof Sheathing
239(1)
Chimneys and Fireplace Framing
239(1)
Interior Trim/Framing
240(1)
Kitchen Cabinets
240(1)
Ramps and Stairs
240(2)
Ramps (Residential)
240(1)
Ramps (Commercial)
241(1)
Stairs (Residential)
241(1)
Nosing
241(1)
Spiral Stairs
241(1)
Circular Stairs
241(1)
Handrails
241(1)
Stairs (Commercial)
241(1)
Fireplace Trim
242(1)
Wood Decks/Balconies
242(5)
Deck/Balcony Joist Spans
243(1)
Maximum Beam Spans for Decks
243(1)
Post Loading for Decks
243(2)
Fasteners for Decks
245(1)
Deck Loading
246(1)
Structural Steel
247(18)
General
248(1)
Preconstruction Inspection
248(1)
Shop Drawings
248(1)
Steel on the Job Site
249(1)
Truss Rigging
250(1)
Common Causes of Steel Failures
251(1)
Contractor's Equipment
251(1)
Foundations Alignment
251(1)
Anchor Bolts
251(4)
Steel Erection
251(2)
Turn-of-Nut (Bolt) Tightening Method
253(1)
Unfinished Bolted Connections
254(1)
Steel Decking
255(1)
Steel Tanks
255(1)
Welding
255(4)
General
255(1)
Prior to Welding
256(1)
Welding Sequence and Procedure Drawings
256(1)
Inspection Procedure
256(2)
Types of Welding Inspections
258(1)
Protection
259(1)
Steel Roof Decking
259(3)
General
259(1)
Submittals
259(1)
Storage
260(1)
Installation Procedures
260(2)
Structural Steel Checklist
262(3)
Doors and Windows
265(14)
Metal Doors and Frames
266(1)
Submittals
266(1)
Manufacturing Instructions
266(1)
Materials
266(3)
General
266(1)
Finish
266(1)
Weather Stripping
267(1)
Hardware
267(1)
Screens
267(1)
Glazing
267(1)
Safety Glass
267(2)
ADA Clearance Requirements
269(1)
Front Approaches
269(1)
Hinge Side Approach Doors
269(1)
Latch Side Approach
269(1)
Storage
269(1)
Installation
270(2)
Aluminum Combination Doors
270(1)
Aluminum Hinged Doors
271(1)
Aluminum Sliding Glass Doors
271(1)
Steel-Hinged Doors
271(1)
Steel Overhead Doors
271(1)
Steel Rolling Doors
271(1)
Steel Sliding Doors
271(1)
Accordion Doors
271(1)
Fire-Rated Doors
271(1)
Cold Storage Doors
272(1)
Electric Operators
272(1)
Wood Doors and Frames
272(1)
Submittals
272(1)
Materials
272(1)
Defects and Warp
273(1)
Storage
273(1)
Installation
273(1)
Metal and Wood Windows
273(2)
Submittals
273(1)
Materials
274(1)
Environmental Control Windows
274(1)
Installation
274(1)
Hardware
275(1)
Materials
275(1)
Application
275(1)
Glazing
276(3)
Submittals
276(1)
Materials
276(1)
Installation
276(3)
Finishes
279(30)
Metal Framing and Furring and Lath and Plaster (Stucco)
280(2)
General
280(1)
Framing and Furring
280(1)
Lathing
280(1)
Plastering
280(1)
Stucco
280(1)
Veneer Plaster
280(1)
Submittals
280(1)
Materials
280(1)
Storage
281(1)
Preparation
282(1)
Lathing
282(1)
Plastering and Stucco
282(1)
Openings
282(1)
Testing
282(1)
Installation and Application
282(1)
Ceiling Framing and Furring
282(1)
Wall Framing and Furring
283(1)
Lathing
283(1)
Openings
283(1)
Accessories
283(1)
Gypsum Base Coats
284(1)
Gypsum Finish Coat
284(1)
Portland Cement Plaster
284(1)
Stucco
284(1)
Veneer Plaster
284(1)
Gypsum Wallboard (GWB)
285(1)
General
285(1)
Materials
285(1)
Drywall Screws
285(1)
Fire-Rated Construction
286(1)
Waterproofing
286(1)
Installation: Ceiling Framing and Furring
287(1)
Wood
287(1)
Steel Framing
287(1)
Suspended Ceilings
287(1)
Steel Furring
287(1)
Installation: Wall Framing and Furring
287(1)
Steel Framing
287(1)
Steel Furring
287(1)
Frame Openings
287(1)
Application
288(4)
Joint Treatment
288(1)
Control Joints
288(1)
Schedule of Inspections
288(1)
Delivery and Storage
288(1)
Framing Inspection
288(1)
Suspended Grillage
289(1)
Inspecting Drywall and Veneer Plaster Installations
289(1)
Fasteners
290(1)
Adhesives
290(1)
Joint Treatment---Drywall
290(1)
Levels of Gypsum Board Finishing
290(1)
Inspecting Joint Treatment and Finish---Veneer Plaster
291(1)
Inspecting Conventional Plaster Installations
291(1)
Grounds for Plastering
292(1)
Job Conditions for Plastering
292(1)
Plaster Application
292(1)
Cleanup
292(1)
Terrazzo; Ceramic and Quarry Tile
292(2)
General
292(1)
Materials
293(1)
Preparation
294(1)
Installation
294(1)
Ceramic Tile
294(1)
Quarry Tile
295(1)
Acceptance Testing
295(1)
Resilient Flooring
295(1)
General
295(1)
Materials
295(1)
Preparation
295(1)
Installation
296(1)
Cleaning and Protection
296(1)
Acoustical Treatment
296(1)
General
296(1)
Materials
296(1)
Preparation
297(1)
Instruction
297(1)
Painting
297(4)
General
297(1)
Submittals
297(1)
Materials
297(1)
Surface Preparation
298(1)
Moisture Test for Concrete Slabs
299(1)
Application
299(1)
Inspection of Dry Paint Coatings
300(1)
Wall Covering
301(1)
Toilet Partitions and Accessories
302(1)
Submittals
302(1)
Materials
302(1)
Installation and Application
302(1)
Raised Floors
303(3)
Submittals
303(1)
Materials
304(1)
ADA Requirements
304(1)
Installation
304(1)
Floor Panels
305(1)
Finish Flooring
305(1)
Testing
306(1)
Protection
306(1)
Spare Parts
306(1)
Window Treatment
306(1)
General
306(1)
Materials
306(1)
Installation
306(1)
Cabinets and Casework
306(3)
General
306(1)
Materials
306(1)
Installation
307(2)
Thermal and Moisture Protection
309(24)
Dampproofing and Waterproofing
310(1)
Submittals
310(1)
Surface Preparations
310(1)
Dampproofing
310(1)
Waterproofing
310(1)
Waterproofing Systems
311(1)
Foundation Dampproofing
311(1)
Foundation Waterproofing
311(1)
Exterior Flashing/House Wraps
311(1)
Fireproofing (Cementitious)
312(1)
Building Insulation
312(1)
Submittals
312(1)
Common Thermal Terms
312(1)
Design Temperature
313(1)
Materials
313(1)
Installation
313(1)
Configurated Roofing and Siding
313(1)
Shop Drawings and Samples
313(1)
Storage and Protection
314(1)
Installation
314(1)
Application
314(1)
Insulation for Built-up Roofing
314(1)
Noncombustible Roof Materials
315(1)
Fire-Retardant Roofing
315(1)
Nonrated Roofing
315(1)
Special Requirements over Steel Decks
315(1)
Preparation of the Roof Deck
315(1)
Application of Vapor Barrier
316(1)
Wood Nailers and Vents
316(1)
Application of Insulation
316(1)
Built-up Roofing
317(3)
Membrane Roofing
320(1)
Flashings
321(1)
Roof Walkways and Ladders
322(1)
Single-Ply Roofing
322(1)
Fluid-Applied Roofing
323(1)
Strip Shingle Roofing
323(1)
Ventilation
324(1)
Valley Flashings
325(1)
Fasteners
325(1)
Tile Roofing
326(1)
Wood Shingles
326(1)
Underlayment for Low Slope Roof
326(1)
Flashing and Sheet Metal
326(2)
Preparation for Inspection of Sheet Metal Work
326(1)
Installation
326(1)
Metal Base Flashing
327(1)
Cap Flashings
327(1)
Through-Wall Flashing
327(1)
Valley Flashing
327(1)
Stepped Base Flashing
327(1)
Edge Strip
327(1)
Louvers
327(1)
Reglets
328(1)
Gutters
328(1)
Downspouts
328(1)
Parapet Covers
328(1)
Miscellaneous
328(1)
Caulking and Sealants
328(2)
Submittals
328(1)
Material
328(2)
Insulations
330(3)
Mineral Wool
330(1)
Wood Products
331(1)
Insulating Foams
331(2)
Piping Systems
333(50)
General
334(1)
Materials
334(1)
Water Pipe and Fittings
334(1)
Fuel Gas Pipe and Fittings
334(1)
Drainage Pipe and Fittings
335(1)
Heating Pipe and Fittings
335(1)
Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Pipe and Fittings
335(1)
Fire Sprinkler Pipe and Fittings
336(1)
Installation of Piping Systems
336(1)
General
336(1)
Pipe Connections
337(1)
Screwed
337(1)
Mechanical
337(1)
Hub and Hubless Types
337(1)
Soldered
338(1)
Solvent Cement (Adhesive)
338(1)
Welded
338(1)
Fittings and Valves
338(1)
Pipelines
339(4)
Water Pipelines
339(1)
Fuel Gas Pipelines
340(3)
Appliance Installations
343(1)
Types of Protection(s)
343(1)
Venting Gas Appliances
344(1)
Masonry Chimneys
344(1)
Chimney Dampers
345(3)
Clothes Dryer Exhaust (Gas)
348(1)
Drainage Lines
348(1)
Heating Pipelines
348(1)
Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Pipelines
348(1)
Fire Sprinkler Pipelines
348(1)
Testing
348(2)
Preparation
348(1)
Performing Tests
349(1)
Cleaning, Adjusting, and Operation
350(1)
Plumbing Systems
350(2)
General
350(1)
Fixtures and Materials
350(1)
Coordination of Work
350(1)
Installation
351(1)
ADA Requirements
352(1)
Pipelines, Drains, Vent Stacks, and Insulation
352(1)
Cleaning, Adjusting, and Operating
352(1)
Residential Plumbing Requirements
353(3)
Fuel Piping
353(1)
Liquid Petroleum Tanks
354(1)
Oil Lines/Tanks
355(1)
Types of Fuel Oils
355(1)
Drilling and Notching of Structural Members for All Lines
356(1)
Studs
356(1)
Joists
356(1)
Water Lines
357(3)
Copper Pipes
358(1)
Plastic Water Lines
358(1)
Determining Required Water Supply and Pipe Sizes
358(2)
Water Pipe Corrosion
360(1)
Other Causes of Pipe Corrosion
360(1)
Plumbing Fixtures
360(1)
Showers
360(1)
Sanitary Drainage
361(4)
Determining Drainage Capacity
361(1)
Cleanouts
362(1)
Fittings
362(1)
Drains
362(1)
Roof Vents
362(1)
Traps
363(1)
Septic Tanks
363(1)
Water Heaters
364(1)
Boiler/Water Heaters
364(1)
Domestic Water Wells
365(1)
Disinfecting of Wells
365(1)
Fire Protection Systems
365(3)
General
365(1)
Sprinkler Systems
366(1)
Water Supply
366(1)
Aboveground Piping
367(1)
Sprinkler Heads
367(1)
Drains
367(1)
Wet Pipe Systems
367(1)
Dry Pipe Systems
367(1)
Sterilization
367(1)
Alarm Facilities
367(1)
Testing
367(1)
Fire Protection Checklist
368(1)
Underground Pipe Systems
368(1)
General
368(1)
Plans, Specifications, and Layout
368(1)
Accessibility of Valves, Hydrants, and Manholes
368(1)
Lines and Grades
368(1)
Connections to Existing Utilities
368(1)
Interference
368(1)
Damages
369(1)
Testing
369(1)
Pipes and Fittings
369(6)
Material Compliance
369(1)
Handling and Storage
369(1)
Field Coating
369(1)
Laying Pipes---General
369(1)
Water Lines
369(2)
Thrust Block Area of Bearing
371(1)
Fuel Gas Lines
371(1)
Sanitary Sewers
372(1)
Storm Sewers
372(1)
Heat Distribution Lines
372(1)
Fuel Lines
372(1)
Jointing of Pipes
373(1)
Manholes and Concrete Encasements
374(1)
Excavation and Backfilling
374(1)
Summary
375(1)
Corrosions
375(8)
Mechanics
383(56)
General
384(1)
Shop Drawings
384(1)
Ductwork
384(3)
Fabrication
384(1)
Ductwork Code Requirements
384(1)
Erection
384(2)
Diffusers, Registers, and Grilles
386(1)
Installation
386(1)
Duct Insulation
386(1)
Diffusers, Registers, and Grilles
386(1)
Balancing and Testing
387(1)
Mechanical Insulation
387(2)
General
387(1)
Identification of Material
387(1)
Shop Drawings
387(1)
Ductwork Insulation
387(1)
Pipe Insulation
387(1)
Ducts Generally Not Requiring Insulation
388(1)
Insulation for Rectangular and Round Ducts
388(1)
Insulation for Hot Equipment
388(1)
Insulation for Cold Equipment
388(1)
Aboveground Pipe Insulation
388(1)
Piping Exposed to Weather
389(1)
Underground Pipe Insulation
389(1)
Cellular Glass Insulation
389(1)
Heating Systems
389(2)
General
389(1)
Materials and Equipment
389(1)
Boilers, Furnaces, and Accessory Equipment
390(1)
Fuel-Burning Equipment
390(1)
Appliance Types
390(1)
Types of Protection(s)
391(1)
Venting Gas Appliances
391(21)
Masonry Chimneys
391(1)
Chimney Dampers
392(3)
Vent and Connector Tables
395(16)
Direct Venting
411(1)
Clearances from Combustionable Materials for Connectors
411(1)
Draft Fans
412(1)
Oil Storage Tank
412(1)
Circulating, Condensate, and Vacuum Return Pumps
412(1)
Miscellaneous Fittings and Equipment
412(1)
Inspection
412(1)
Piping
412(1)
Pipe Insulation
413(1)
Hot Water Systems
413(1)
High-Temperature Hot Water
413(1)
Mechanical Vaults
413(1)
Steam Systems
414(1)
Hot Air Heating
414(1)
Heating and Ventilating Units
414(1)
Unit Heaters
414(1)
Controls
414(1)
Boilers and Boiler Plants
414(1)
General Requirements
414(1)
Settings
414(1)
Fuel-Burning Equipment
415(1)
Draft Fans and Ductwork
415(1)
Blow Down System
415(1)
Combustion Controls
415(1)
Flame Types (Fuel Gas)
416(1)
Yellow-Tipped Flame
416(1)
Lazy-Soft Flame
416(1)
Floating Flame
416(1)
Uniform Lifting Flame
416(1)
Orange-Colored Flame
416(1)
Sharply Defined Flame
417(1)
Appliance Types
417(1)
Appliance Installation Codes: Requirements
417(1)
Heating and Cooling Equipment
417(1)
Economizers and Air Heaters
417(1)
Fly Ash Collectors
417(1)
Boiler Specialties
417(1)
Soot Blowers
418(1)
Boiler Feedwater
418(1)
Turbines
419(1)
Smoke Connections
419(1)
Fuel Storage and Conveying
419(1)
Painting
419(1)
Testing
420(1)
Operating Instructions and Guaranties
420(1)
Ventilating, Air Supply, and Distribution System
420(1)
General
420(1)
Equipment
420(1)
Clothes Dryers
420(1)
Fans and Air Handling Units
421(2)
Power Roof Ventilators
421(1)
Gravity Ventilators
421(1)
Dampers
421(1)
Filters
421(1)
Screens
421(1)
Return Air
421(1)
Supply Air Venting
422(1)
Combustible Air
422(1)
Air from Inside Building
422(1)
Air from Outdoors
422(1)
Combustion and Vent Air
422(1)
Vents
423(1)
General
423(1)
Types of Vents
423(1)
Ductwork and Mechanical Insulation
423(1)
Balancing and Testing
423(1)
Air Movement from Type A Outlets (Ceiling)
424(1)
Refrigeration and Air Conditioning
424(1)
General
424(1)
Piping
425(1)
Drilling and Notching of Structural Members
425(2)
Studs
425(1)
Joist Specs (Notching or Drilling)
426(1)
Notch and Hole Spacing and Sizes Allowed for Joists
426(1)
Insulation
427(1)
Equipment
427(5)
General
427(1)
Condensers
427(1)
Reciprocating Compressors
428(1)
Centrifugal Compressors
428(1)
Receivers
428(1)
Water Chillers
428(1)
Evaporative Coolers
428(1)
Unit Coolers
428(1)
Refrigeration Specialties
428(1)
Package-Type Air Conditioners
429(1)
Heat Pumps
429(1)
Washers
429(1)
Humidifiers and Dehumidifiers
429(1)
Absorption Refrigeration Machine
430(1)
Cooling Towers and Ponds
430(1)
Pumps
430(1)
Insulation
430(1)
Controls
430(1)
Testing
431(1)
Painting
431(1)
Operating Instructions and Guaranties
431(1)
Carbon Monoxide
432(1)
Energy Conservation
432(3)
Insulation
432(1)
Appliances
433(1)
Exterior Wall R-Values
433(2)
Foundation Insulation
435(1)
HVAC/Energy Definitions
436(3)
Electrical
439(40)
Interior Electrical
440(5)
General Requirements
440(1)
Drawings and Specifications
441(1)
Temporary Electric
441(2)
Wiring Methods (NEC 300)
443(2)
Cable Systems
445(3)
Busway Systems (NEC 364; Project Specifications)
446(1)
Busways
447(1)
Underfloor Raceways
447(1)
Continuous Rigid Cable Supports or Cable Trays
447(1)
Wireways
447(1)
Underfloor Duct Systems (NEC 354, 356)
447(1)
Movable Partition
447(1)
Conductors (NEC 310)
448(1)
Outlets
448(4)
General Receptacles
448(1)
Color Coding
449(3)
Device Plates
452(1)
Receptacles
452(1)
Boxes
452(1)
Wall Switches
453(1)
Outlets
453(1)
Service Equipment
454(2)
Panelboards
454(1)
Cabinets
454(1)
Fuses
454(1)
Underground Service Conduits
455(1)
Lamps and Lighting Fixtures
455(1)
Equipment Connections
456(1)
Transformer Stations
456(1)
Dry-Type Transformers
456(1)
Transformer Taps
456(1)
Liquid-Filled Transformers
456(1)
Nameplate Data
456(1)
Accessories
456(1)
Bushings
456(1)
Insulating Liquid
456(1)
Grounding
457(1)
Ventilation
457(1)
Switchgear
457(1)
Engine Generator Sets
457(1)
Elevator Installations
457(1)
Specialty Systems
458(1)
Tests
458(2)
All Testing
458(1)
Precautions
458(1)
Electrical Tests
458(1)
Records of Tests
458(1)
Description of Tests
458(1)
Megger Tests
459(1)
Method of Testing
459(1)
Exterior Electrical
460(1)
General
460(1)
Aerial Distribution
460(1)
Wood Poles
460(1)
Crossarms
461(1)
Hardware
461(1)
Insulators
461(1)
Conductors (Aerial)
461(1)
Giving
461(1)
Residential Services
461(1)
Service Clearances
461(1)
Check during Installation
462(1)
Primary and Secondary Fuse Cutouts
463(1)
Lightning Arrestors
463(1)
Poletop Switches
463(1)
Grounding
463(1)
Street Lighting
463(1)
Underground Risers
464(1)
Underground Distribution
464(3)
Duct System
464(1)
Manholes and Underground Vaults
464(1)
Primary Cables
464(1)
Direct Burial Cable
465(1)
Cathodic Protection
466(1)
Electrical Heating
467(1)
General
467(1)
Electric Water Heaters
467(1)
Electric Heaters
468(1)
Coordination with Mechanical Work for Electric Water Heaters
468(1)
Alarm and Detection Systems
468(2)
General
468(1)
Fire Detecting Devices
469(1)
Smoke Detectors, Ionization Types
469(1)
Smoke Detectors, Photoelectric Type
469(1)
Heat Detectors
469(1)
Fire Alarm Stations
469(1)
Signaling Devices
469(1)
Control Units
469(1)
Power Supply
469(1)
Testing
470(1)
Lightning Protection
470(3)
General
470(1)
Limitations in Use of Lightning Protection
471(1)
Air Terminals
471(1)
Roof Conductors
471(1)
Fences
471(1)
Copper
472(1)
Aluminum
472(1)
Down Conductors
472(1)
Metal Roofs
473(1)
Aluminum Conductors
473(4)
General
473(1)
Materials
473(1)
Bolts, Nuts, and Washers
473(1)
Installation
474(1)
Removing Insulation
474(1)
Surface Preparation
474(1)
Connections
474(1)
Environmental Conditions
474(1)
Inspection and Analysis
475(1)
Working Clearances
475(1)
Terminals
475(1)
Grounded Conductors
475(1)
Grounding of Service
476(1)
Subpanels and Fuse Boxes
476(1)
Residential Requirements by Rooms
477(1)
Kitchens
477(1)
Laundry Area
477(1)
Attics
477(1)
Basements
477(1)
Lighting
477(1)
Minimum Service Load Calculation Procedures for Residential Use
477(1)
Ohm's Law
477(2)
Osha
479(28)
General
480(1)
Prime Contractor/Subcontractor Relationship
480(1)
Fire Protection and Prevention
480(1)
Housekeeping
480(1)
Illumination
480(1)
First Aid
480(1)
Sanitation
481(1)
Toilets
481(1)
Noise Exposure
481(1)
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
481(1)
Head Protection
481(1)
Eye and Face Protection
481(1)
Fall Protection
482(1)
Control Lines
482(1)
Holes in Decks
482(1)
Safety Belts, Lanyards, and Lifelines
482(1)
Safety Net
482(1)
Fire Protection
482(1)
Material Storage
483(1)
Rigging
483(1)
Wire Ropes
483(1)
Tools
483(1)
Power Tools
483(1)
Gas Welding and Cutting
484(1)
Electrical
484(1)
Generators
484(1)
Scaffolds
484(1)
Excavations
485(2)
Definitions
485(1)
Types of Soils
485(1)
Manual Tests
485(1)
Visual Analysis
485(1)
Sloping and Benching
486(1)
Stairways and Ladders
487(1)
Stair Rails and Handrails
487(1)
Ladders
487(1)
Lead in Construction
487(1)
Standards
488(1)
Compliance Plan
488(1)
Lead Paint
488(1)
Protective Measures
488(1)
Record Keeping
489(1)
OSHA Reporting
489(1)
OSHA Civil Penalties Policy
489(2)
Adjustment Factors
490(1)
Serious Violations
490(1)
Other-Than-Serious Violations
490(1)
Regulatory Violations
490(1)
Willful Violations
491(1)
Repeat Violations
491(1)
Failure to Abate
491(1)
OSHA Checklist
491(16)
Review for Items That Apply
491(1)
Self-Inspection Checklists
491(16)
Appendices
507(48)
Appendix A. Referenced Trade Associations
508(8)
Appendix B. Typical Blueprint Symbols
516(6)
Electrical Abbreviations
516(1)
Exterior Electrical
517(1)
Communication
517(1)
Fire Alarm
518(1)
Power
518(1)
Lighting
519(1)
Conduits and Wire
520(1)
Plumbing
521(1)
Appendix C. Common Blueprint Abbreviations
522(2)
Appendix D. Common Lumber Abbreviations
524(2)
Appendix E. Useful Equations
526(10)
Weights and Measures (U.S. System)
526(1)
How to Interpolate
526(1)
Converting Decimals to Fractions
527(1)
Weights of Building Materials
528(1)
Generalized Geologic Radon Potential of the United States by the U.S. Geological Survey
529(4)
Maximum Floor Allowances
533(3)
Appendix F. Climate Zones by States and Counties
536(19)
Glossary 555(78)
Index 633