Biography for Farewell to Arms : The Hemingway Library Edition
Simon and Schuster
Born in Oak Park, Illinois, in 1899, Ernest Hemingway served as an ambulance driver in the Red Cross during World War I and was severely wounded in Italy. He moved to Paris in 1921 to devote himself to writing and lived among the expatriate community that included Gertrude Stein, F. Scott Fitzgerald, and Ezra Pound. Defined by economy of language and understatement, Hemingway's terse prose revolutionized American writing. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1954, and his classic novella The Old Man and the Sea won the Pulitzer Prize in 1953. Known for his larger-than-life personality and his passions for bullfighting, fishing and big-game hunting, he died in Ketchum, Idaho, on July 2, 1961.