Annotations for Les Miserables


Ingram Publishing Services
This is an Abridged Edition

Victor Hugo began writing Les MisÚrables twenty years before its eventual publication in 1862. Les MisÚrables is primarily a great humanitarian work that encourages compassion and hope in the face of adversity and injustice. It is also a historical novel of great scope, and provides a detailed vision of nineteenth-century French politics and society. Hugo hoped Les MisÚrables would encourage a more progressive and democratic future. Hugo wrote Les MisÚrables with a literary and political revolution in mind.

Les MisÚrables emphasizes the three major predicaments of the nineteenth century. Each of the three major characters in the novel symbolizes one of these predicaments: Jean Valjean represents the degradation of man in the proletariat, Fantine represents the subjection of women through hunger, and Cosette represents the atrophy of the child by darkness.


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Ingram Publishing Services
Les MisÚrables is primarily a great humanitarian work that encourages compassion and hope in the face of adversity and injustice. A historical novel of great scope, it provides a detailed vision of nineteenth-century French politics and society.


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Tantor Press
Les Miserables is primarily a great humanitarian work that encourages compassion and hope in the face of adversity and injustice. A historical novel of great scope, it provides a detailed vision of nineteenth-century French politics and society.

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