Annotations for Malcolm X : A Life of Reinvention


Baker & Taylor
An authoritative biography of Malcolm X draws on new research to reveal information not contained in his autobiography, including the true story behind his assasination. By the author of Beyond Black and White: Transforming African-American Politics.

----------------------
Baker & Taylor
An authoritative biography of Malcolm X draws on new research to trace his life from his troubled youth through his involvement in the Nation of Islam, his activism in the world of Black Nationalism, and his assassination.

----------------------
Baker & Taylor
This biography of Malcolm X draws on new research to trace his life from his troubled youth through his involvement in the Nation of Islam, his activism in the world of Black Nationalism, and his assassination. Years in the making, it is a definitive biography of the legendary black activist. Of the great figures in twentieth-century American history perhaps none is more complex and controversial than Malcolm X. Constantly rewriting his own story, he became a criminal, a minister, a leader, and an icon, all before being felled by assassins' bullets at age thirty-nine. Through his tireless work and countless speeches he empowered hundreds of thousands of black Americans to create better lives and stronger communities while establishing the template for the self-actualized, independent African American man. In death he became a broad symbol of both resistance and reconciliation for millions around the world. Filled with new information and shocking revelations that go beyond the Autobiography of MalcolmX, this work unfolds a story of race and class in America, from the rise of Marcus Garvey and the Ku Klux Klan to the struggles of the civil rights movement in the fifties and sixties. Reaching into Malcolm's troubled youth, it traces a path from his parents' activism through his own engagement with the Nation of Islam, charting his astronomical rise in the world of Black Nationalism and culminating in the never-before-told true story of his assassination. This work captures the story of one of the mostsingular forces for social change, a man who constantly strove, in the great American tradition, to remake himself anew.

----------------------
Blackwell Publishing
twentieth-century American history, few are as complex, multifaceted and controversial as Malcolm X. Constantly rewriting his own story, he became a criminal, a minister, a leader, and eventually an icon, all before being felled by assassins' bullets at the age of thirty-nine. Manning Marable's new biography of Malcolm is a stunning achievement, the culmination of years of research and dogged pursuit of Malcolm's friends, enemies, and fellow travelers, many of whom have rarely or never before spoken about him on the record. Filled with startling revelations and new information from long-suppressed private and government files, it presents the most complete picture ever set down of the man Ossie Davis memorialized as "our living, black manhood."

The details of Malcolm's life have long since calcified into a familiar narrative: his early years as a vagabond in Boston and New York, his conversion to Islam and subsequent rise to prominence as a militant advocate for black separatism, his acrimonious split with the Nation of Islam, and ultimately his violent death at their hands. Yet this story, told and retold to various ends by writers, historians, and film-makers, captures only a snapshot, a fraction of the man in full. Even Malcolm's Autobiography, a remarkable document that has formed the basis of what we think we know about him, is ultimately elusive, the result of his own evasions and the subtle shapings of his collaborator, Alex Haley. To truly understand Malcolm, we need to go deeper, to find the source of his voluminous rage and charisma, and to learn more about the terrible secrets of his untimely death.

Malcolm X unfolds a sweeping story of the darkest days of racial unrest, from the rise of the Ku Klux Klan to the struggles of the civil rights movement. Marable reaches deep into Malcolm's troubled youth, tracing a path from the activism of his Garveyite parents through his own leadership in the Nation of Islam and examining the relationships whose energy alternately drained him and pushed him to unimagined heights. For decades, the details of Malcolm's time in Africa have been unknown; finally, they will be revealed. And here is the real story of Malcolm's long unsolved assassination, a tale of betrayal and corruption startling in its particulars and terrifying in its echoes in the present day.

Malcolm X will stand as the definitive work on one of the most important figures in the history of civil rights, surpassing previous treatments in its depth and intensity and capturing with revelatory clarity a man who constantly strove, in the great American tradition, to remake himself anew.

----------------------
Penguin Putnam

Selected by The New York Times Book Review as a Notable Book of the Year

Years in the making-the definitive biography of the legendary black activist.

Of the great figure in twentieth-century American history perhaps none is more complex and controversial than Malcolm X. Constantly rewriting his own story, he became a criminal, a minister, a leader, and an icon, all before being felled by assassins' bullets at age thirty-nine. Through his tireless work and countless speeches he empowered hundreds of thousands of black Americans to create better lives and stronger communities while establishing the template for the self-actualized, independent African American man. In death he became a broad symbol of both resistance and reconciliation for millions around the world.

Manning Marable's new biography of Malcolm is a stunning achievement. Filled with new information and shocking revelations that go beyond the Autobiography, Malcolm X unfolds a sweeping story of race and class in America, from the rise of Marcus Garvey and the Ku Klux Klan to the struggles of the civil rights movement in the fifties and sixties. Reaching into Malcolm's troubled youth, it traces a path from his parents' activism through his own engagement with the Nation of Islam, charting his astronomical rise in the world of Black Nationalism and culminating in the never-before-told true story of his assassination. Malcolm X will stand as the definitive work on one of the most singular forces for social change, capturing with revelatory clarity a man who constantly strove, in the great American tradition, to remake himself anew.


----------------------